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MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY – A GLOB AL TECHNOLOGY, INDUSTRY AND MARKET ANALYSIS
(View Introduction/Table Of Contents)
Publish Date: Oct 2017,   Pages: 301,   Report Code: EN-108
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1. INTRODUCTION1-4
Free

INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................1

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES......................................................................... 1

FORMAT AND SCOPE...............................................................................................2

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES..................................................3

WHO SHOULD SUBSCRIBE?...................................................................................3

AUTHOR’S CREDENTIALS.......................................................................................4

 Add 
2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY5-8
$280.00
$252.00

SUMMARY TABLE A: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY REGION THROUGH 2021............ 5

SUMMARY FIGURE A: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY REGION THROUGH 2021............ 6

SUMMARY TABLE B: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY BY TECHNOLOGY THROUGH 2021.................................. 7

SUMMARY FIGURE B: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY BY TECHNOLOGY THROUGH 2021.................................. 8

 Add 
3. MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY: A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE9-48
$1,600.00
$1,440.00

WASTE AS FUEL SOURCE: ENERGY CONTENT.................................. 9

TABLE 1: AVERAGE HEAT CONTENT OF SELECTED BIOMASS FUELS........................................................................................................................... 9

COST OF HARVESTING, COLLECTING, AND DELIVERING FEEDSTOCK 10

SOURCES OF WASTE................................................................................... 10

TABLE 2: U.S. MSW CONTENT BY MATERIAL, 2007........................ 11

FIGURE 1: TOTAL U.S. MSW GENERATION BY MATERIAL.......... 12

CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION (C&D) WASTE.................................... 12

MINING AND QUARRYING (M&Q) WASTE...................................................... 13

COMMERCIAL WASTE............................................................................................. 13

HOUSEHOLD WASTE............................................................................................... 13

INDUSTRIAL WASTE................................................................................................ 13

 

AGRICULTURAL WASTE........................................................................................................... 13

SEWAGE WASTE.......................................................................................................................... 14

TABLE 3: AVERAGE MILLION BTU PER TON FOR MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW).......... 15

TABLE 4: BIOGENIC AND NON-BIOGENIC CONTRIBUTIONS TO MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW).................................................... 16

LANDFILLS.................................................................................................................. 16

WASTE TO ENERGY VALUE...................................................................... 17

TABLE 5: GLOBAL VALUE OF WASTE TO ENERGY ASSETS, 2016-2021........................................................................................................................ 18

GLOBAL VALUE OF CAPITAL EXPENDITURES FOR WTE........................ 19

TABLE 6: ESTIMATED CAPITAL EXPENDITURES IN MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY BY REGION, 2014-2021................................. 20

TABLE 7: MSWTE TECHNOLOGIES........................................................ 21

TABLE 8: ESTIMATED MSWTE GIGAWATTS OF POWER BY REGION........................................................................................................................ 21

GLOBAL VALUE OF TOTAL TIPPING FEES TO SWTE................................ 21

TABLE 9: VALUE OF TOTAL TIPPING FEES, 2014-2021.................. 22

GLOBAL CARBON OFFSET VALUE..................................................................... 22

TABLE 10: TOTAL ESTIMATED VALUES OF CARBON OFFSETS 23

GLOBAL VALUE OF METAL RECOVERY:......................................................... 23

TABLE 11: ESTIMATED TOTAL VALUE OF METAL RECOVERY BY REGION....................................................................................................... 24

VALUE OF OTHER WTE PRODUCTS.................................................................. 25

MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY IN THE U.S.................................... 25

TABLE 12: SUMMARY VALUE OF MSWTE ASSETS U.S. 2014-2021 25

TABLE 13: U.S. WASTE-TO-ENERGY CAPACITY ESTIMATED PROFILE........................................................................................................................ 26

TABLE 14: U.S. WASTE-TO-ENERGY SITES, 2014-2021.................... 26

TABLE 15: MUNICIPAL WASTE SOURCE, VALUE AND PERCENT OF MSW MARKET........................................................................................... 28

THE U.S. COMBUSTION MARKET........................................................... 28

TABLE 16: US STATES RANKED ACCORDING TO ENERGY PRODUCED FROM WASTE-TO-ENERGY PLANTS (1000S KWH) 29

OTHER WASTE TO ENERGY IN THE U.S......................................................... 30

TABLE 17: INDUSTRIAL WASTE TO ENERGY BY WASTE PRODUCT IN KILOWATT HOURS................................................................................. 31

TABLE 18: INDUSTRIAL BIOMASS ELECTRICITY NET GENERATION BY U.S. REGIONS AND ENERGY SOURCES.................................. 32

TABLE 19: INDUSTRIAL BIOMASS ELECTRICITY NET GENERATION

BY U.S. REGIONS AND ENERGY SOURCES........................................ 32

EUROPEAN MSWTE:................................................................................................. 33

TABLE 20: VALUE OF EUROPEAN MSWTE ASSETS, 2015-2021... 33

TABLE 21: EUROPEAN LEADERS IN LANDFILLLING.................... 35

TABLE 22: ELECTRICAL AND HEAT EFFICIENCY IN EUROPEAN WTE PLANTS........................................................................................................ 36

ASIA MSWTE.................................................................................................... 38

TABLE 23: ASIA’S ESTIMATED MSWTE ASSETT PROFILE, 2015-2021........................................................................................................................ 39

TABLE 24: TREATMENT METHODS IN EAST ASIA.......................... 39

CHINA............................................................................................................................ 39

TABLE 25: REPRESENTATIVE WASTE-TO-ENERGY PLANTS IN CHINA.......................................................................................................... 40

INDIA.............................................................................................................................. 42

JAPAN............................................................................................................................ 43

TABLE 26: JAPANESE WASTE-TO-ENERGY PLANTS...................... 44

REST OF THE WORLD.............................................................................................. 44

AFRICA........................................................................................................................... 44

BRAZIL........................................................................................................................... 46

 Add 
4. WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES49-91
$1,720.00
$1,548.00

TABLE 27: MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE- TO-ENERGY             TECHNOLOGIES, FEEDSTOCKS AND PRODUCTS..................... 50

COMBUSTION............................................................................................................. 51

FIGURE 2: WASTE-TO-ENERGY PLANT DIAGRAM.......................... 53

CO-FIRING.................................................................................................................... 54

FIGURE 3: TYPICAL MSWTE PLANT CONFIGURATION................ 55

COMBUSTION PLANT COSTS............................................................................... 56

TABLE 28: LOW AND HIGH EFFICIENCY FOR MSW POWER PLANTS........................................................................................................................ 57

TABLE 29: CARBON DIOXIDE OFFSET RATES................................... 57

LANDFILL GAS........................................................................................................... 58

TABLE 30: LANDFILL GAS FACILITY EQUIPMENT......................... 58

REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL (RDF):.......................................................................... 58

FIGURE 4 DIAGRAM OF RDF PRODUCTION

WITH NON-DEDICATED PLANT.............................................................. 60

FIGURE 5: BIOMASS TO FUELS CONVERSION PATHWAYS......... 62

ANAEROBIC DIGESTION (AD).............................................................................. 62

MECHANICAL BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT...................................................... 64

GASIFICATION........................................................................................................... 64

TABLE 31: GASIFICATION FEEDSTOCKS BY MARKET PERCENT 65

FIGURE 6: BASIC GASIFICATION PROCESS....................................... 66

FIGURE 7: BIOMASS GASIFIER FLOW CHART.................................. 68

TABLE 32: BIOMASS GASIFICATION VERSUS SOLAR AND WIND POWER......................................................................................................... 69

PYROLYSIS................................................................................................................... 69

DEPOLYMERIZATION.............................................................................................. 70

TYPES OF GASIFIERS FOR MSW TREATMENT:............................................ 70

TABLE 33: THERMAL CAPACITY BY GASIFIER DESIGN............... 70

GASIFICATION WITH PURE OXYGEN OR HYDROGEN.............................. 72

PLASMA GASIFICATION......................................................................................... 72

FIGURE 8: ILLUSTRATION OF PLASMA ARC..................................... 74

FIGURE 9: PLASMA GASIFICATION SCHEMATIC FOR MUNICIPAL

SOLID WASTE TO ENERGY....................................................................... 75

FIGURE 10: PLASMA PROCESSING OF MSW AT COAL-FIRED PLANTS........................................................................................................................ 76

PLASMA ARC............................................................................................................... 76

GAS PLASMA PROCESS........................................................................................... 77

ULTRA-HIGH TEMPERATURE (UHT) PLASMA GASIFICATION.............. 78

FIGURE 11: PLASMA GAS VITRIFICATION PROCESS..................... 78

TABLE 34: COMPARISON OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE-TO-ENERGY PROCESSES FOR ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION.......................... 79

ADVANTAGES OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE GASIFICATION.............. 80

GREENHOUSE GAS REDUCTION............................................................ 80

TABLE 35: POUNDS OF CO2 PER MWH BY FUEL SOURCE........... 81

CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES............................................................... 81

DISADVANTAGES OF GASIFICATION............................................................... 81

LANDFILL GAS (LFG)............................................................................................... 82

TABLE 36: EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS FROM A 1 MW LANDFILL GAS-TO-ENERGY PROJECT........................................................................... 84

TECHNOLOGY BENEFITS AND HURDLES OF WASTE-TO-ENERGY..... 84

CONSIDERATIONS FOR WTE IMPLEMENTATION....................................... 85

MATERIAL RECOVERY............................................................................................ 85

TECHNOLOGY CHALLENGES.............................................................................. 85

ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS.............................................................................. 86

WASTE AS A RESOURCE......................................................................................... 87

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS................................................................................ 88

AIR EMISSIONS.......................................................................................................... 88

TABLE 37: MSWTE POLLUTION CONTROLS...................................... 89

WATER RESOURCES................................................................................................ 90

SOLID WASTE GENERATION................................................................................ 90

LAND RESOURCE USE............................................................................................ 91

PERMITTING ISSUES FOR MASS BURN FACILITIES.................................. 91

 Add 
5. GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS92-107
$640.00
$576.00

ECONOMIC MECHANISMS FOR SUPPORTING RENEWABLE ENERGY........................................................................................................................ 92

RENEWABLE ENERGY CREDITS (RECS).......................................................... 92

CARBON CREDITS..................................................................................................... 92

THE CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM FOR LANDFILL GAS RECOVERY............................................................................................................. 93

LAWS AND REGULATIONS REGARDING RENEWABLE ENERGY 95

ACTIONS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ELSEWHERE........................ 95

UNITED STATES LAWS AND REGULATIONS................................................. 95

FEDERAL LEGISLATION........................................................................................ 96

PERMITTING ISSUES............................................................................................ 101

PERMITTING ISSUES FOR LANDFILL GAS RECOVERY.......................... 101

PERMITTING ISSUES FOR MASS BURN/COMBUSTION FACILITIES. 101

PERMITTING ISSUES FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL COMBUSTION FACILITIES.......................................................................................................... 102

PERMITTING ISSUES FOR PYROLYSIS/THERMAL GASIFICATION.... 102

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM INTERCONNECTION ISSUES............................... 103

STATE REGULATIONS.......................................................................................... 104

STATE RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS (RPS).............................. 104

FLORIDA DEPT. OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION WHITE PAPER ON PLASMA ARC....................................................................................................... 104

INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS:  CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM AND WASTE-TO-ENERGY............................................................................... 105

EUROPEAN REGULATIONS................................................................................ 107

 Add 
6. WORLD MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY INDUSTRY STRUCTURE108-115
$400.00
$360.00

TABLE 38: LEADING MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMPANIES...................................................................................................................... 109

TABLE 39: DISTRIBUTION OF TOP MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY...................................................................................................................... 109

COMPANIES BY REGION.......................................................................... 109

TABLE 40: DISTRIBUTION OF MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY 110

COMPANIES BY REGION.......................................................................... 110

TABLE 41: NORTH AMERICAN MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMPANIES............................................................................................ 111

TABLE 42: EUROPEAN MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMPANIES...................................................................................................................... 112

TABLE 43: ASIAN MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMPANIES 113

TABLE 44: OCEANIA MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMPANIES...................................................................................................................... 113

MARKET DRIVERS...................................................................................... 114

TABLE 45: 2009 TOTAL U.S. MUNICIPAL WASTE BY MATERIAL 115

 Add 
7. WORLD MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES MARKET116-128
$650.00
$585.00

EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES................................................................................................ 116

TABLE 46: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 117

TABLE 47: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 119

ASIA AND OCEANIA MARKETS FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES................................................................................................ 120

TABLE 48: ASIAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021...................... 120

TABLE 49: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021... 121

TABLE 50: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 122

NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES.................................................................................................................. 123

TABLE 51: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021... 123

CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES............................................................................. 124

TABLE 52: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021...................................................................................... 124

AFRICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY         TECHNOLOGIES................................................................................................ 125

TABLE 55: NORTH AFRICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021... 125

TABLE 54: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021............................................................................................................. 126

MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES................................................................................................ 126

TABLE 55: MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021... 127

 Add 
8. MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY129-154
$1,040.00
$936.00

TABLE 56: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY...................................................................................................................... 129

COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY REGION THROUGH 2021...... 129

EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY........ 129

TABLE 57: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY... 130

TABLE 58: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY .. 132

ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY.................. 133

TABLE 59: ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021.......................................................... 133

TABLE 60: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 134

TABLE 61: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 135

NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................................................. 136

TABLE 62: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 136

CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE               COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY...................................................................... 136

TABLE 63: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY............................. 137

AFRICAN DEMAND FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY........... 138

TABLE 64: NORTH AFRICAN DEMAND FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 138

TABLE 65: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA DEMAND FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 139

MIDDLE EAST DEMAND FOR COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS................................................................................................... 139

TABLE 66: MIDDLE EAST DEMAND FOR MWTE COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 140

TABLE 67: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY REGION THROUGH 2021............................... 142

EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY..... 142

TABLE 68: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021................. 143

TABLE 69: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 ................ 145

ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY................ 146

TABLE 70 ASIAN DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 146

TABLE 71: OCEANIAN DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 147

TABLE 72 SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 148

NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................................................. 149

TABLE 73: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 ......................... 149

CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................... 150

TABLE 74: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 150

AFRICAN DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY......... 151

TABLE 75: NORTH AFRICAN DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 151

TABLE 76: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021................. 152

MIDDLE EAST DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY 152

TABLE 77: MIDDLE EASTERN DEMAND FOR MWTE LANDFILL GAS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 153

 Add 
9. WORLD MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL TECHNOLOGY155-167
$520.00
$468.00

TABLE 78: GLOBAL MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY REGION THROUGH 2021............................... 155

EUROPEAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY 155

TABLE 79: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR REFUSE DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2021.......... 156

TABLE 80: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........... 158

ASIAN MARKET FOR REFUSE DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY......... 159

TABLE 81: ASIAN MARKET FOR REFUSE DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 159

TABLE 82: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 160

TABLE 83: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........... 161

NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................... 162

TABLE 84: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........... 162

CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR REFUSE-DERIVED  FUELS TECHNOLOGY..................................................................................... 163

TABLE 85: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR REFUSE DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021...................................................................................................................... 163

AFRICAN DEMAND FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY.. 164

TABLE 86: NORTH AFRICAN DEMAND FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY   BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021......... 164

TABLE 87: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA DEMAND FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........... 165

MIDDLE EAST DEMAND FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................................................. 165

TABLE 88: MIDDLE EAST DEMAND FOR REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 166

 Add 
10. WORLD MARKET FOR PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY168-193
$960.00
$864.00

TABLE 89: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY REGION THROUGH 2021............................... 168

EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION         TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................... 168

TABLE 90: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 169

TABLE 91: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 171

ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY 172

TABLE 92: ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 172

TABLE 93: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 173

TABLE 94: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA 174

GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021. 174

NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................... 175

TABLE 95: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2021 175

CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY.................................................................... 176

TABLE 96: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY ........ 176

AFRICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................................................. 177

TABLE 97: NORTH AFRICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 177

TABLE 98: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 178

MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR MWTE PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................... 178

TABLE 99: MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR MWTE FROM PLASMA GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2021 179

WORLD MARKET FOR PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN MUNICIPAL WASTE TO ENERGY......................... 180

TABLE 100: GLOBAL MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS  GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY REGION THROUGH 2021 181

EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................... 181

TABLE 101: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS...................................................................................................................... 182

GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021. 182

TABLE 102: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 184

ASIAN AND OCEANIAN MARKETS FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS           GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY.................................................................... 185

TABLE 103: ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021........................... 185

TABLE 104: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 186

TABLE 105: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 187

NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................... 188

TABLE 106: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 188

CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY.................................................................... 189

TABLE 107: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY... 189

AFRICAN DEMAND FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION  TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................................................. 190

TABLE 108: NORTH AFRICA DEMAND FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS 190

GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021. 190

TABLE 109: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA DEMAND FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY........................... 191

MIDDLE EASTERN DEMAND FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY.................................................................................................... 192

TABLE 110: MIDDLE EAST DEMAND FOR MWTE PYROLYSIS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2021 192

 Add 
11. NEW DEVELOPMENTS194-205
$480.00
$432.00

WASTE TO ENERGY................................................................................... 194

DRY ANAEROBIC CO-DIGESTION OF ORGANIC FRACTION OF MUNICIPAL WASTE WITH PAPERBOARD MILL SLUDGE AND GELATIN SOLID WASTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF HYDROGEN PRODUCTION.......................................................................................... 194

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF THERMAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES: REVIEW AND RECOMMENDATIONS......... 195

ASSESSMENT OF WASTE DERIVED GASES AS A RENEWABLE ENERGY.................................................................................................... 195

BIOELECTROCHEMICAL TREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL WASTE LIQUOR IN MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS FOR ENERGY VALORIZATION...................................................................................... 196

PROCESSING AND PROPERTIES OF A SOLID ENERGY FUEL FROM MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW) AND RECYCLED PLASTICS 196

EXTRACTION OF MEDIUM CHAIN FATTY ACIDS FROM ORGANIC MUNICIPAL WASTE AND SUBSEQUENT PRODUCTION OF                          BIO-BASED FUELS................................................................................ 197

HYDROGEN-RICH GAS PRODUCTION BY THE GASIFICATION OF \WET MSW (MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE) COUPLED WITH CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE............................................................ 198

EXTRACTION OF SOLUBLE SUBSTANCES FROM ORGANIC SOLID MUNICIPAL WASTE TO INCREASE METHANE PRODUCTION 199

POTENTIAL OF BIOHYDROGEN PRODUCTION FROM ORGANIC FRACTION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (OFMSW) USING PILOT-SCALE DRY ANAEROBIC REACTOR............................................... 199

A REVIEW OF TECHNOLOGIES AND PERFORMANCES OF THERMAL TREATMENT SYSTEMS FOR ENERGY RECOVERY FROM WASTE...................................................................................................................... 199

WASTE TO ENERGY: EXPLOITATION OF BIOGAS FROM ORGANIC WASTE IN A 500 WEL SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL (SOFC) STACK...................................................................................................................... 200

TECHNOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES IN CONVERSION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE TO ENERGY. 201

ENERGY PRODUCTION THROUGH ORGANIC FRACTION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE—A MULTIPLE REGRESSION MODELING APPROACH...................................................................... 201

CO-DIGESTION OF MUNICIPAL SLUDGE AND EXTERNAL ORGANIC WASTES FOR ENHANCED BIOGAS PRODUCTION UNDER REALISTIC PLANT CONSTRAINTS................................................. 202

PLASMA GASIFICATION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE............ 203

ADVANCED SOLUTIONS IN COMBUSTION-BASED WTE TECHNOLOGIES.................................................................................... 203

REPOWERING EXI WITH GAS TURBINES......................................... 204

 Add 
12. PATENTS AND PATENT ANALYSIS206-215
$300.00
$270.00

TABLE 111: SAMPLE OF CURRENT U.S. PATENT GENERATION TRENDS IN WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGY BY YEAR.. 206

TABLE 112: U.S. PATENTS IN WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGY...................................................................................................................... 207

TABLE 113: U.S. PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013–2015........... 208

SAMPLE OF U.S. PATENT ABSTRACTS........................................................... 208

BATCH WASTE GASIFICATION PROCESS......................................... 208

PRODUCING LIQUID FUEL FROM ORGANIC MATERIAL SUCH AS BIOMASS AND WASTE RESIDUES.................................................. 208

PROCESSING BIOMASS AND PETROLEUM CONTAINING MATERIALS............................................................................................. 209

PLASMA-ASSISTED WASTE GASIFICATION SYSTEM.................. 209

PLASMA ASSISTED GASIFICATION SYSTEM WITH AN INDIRECT VACUUM SYSTEM................................................................................. 210

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONVERSION OF SOLID WASTE INTO SYNTHETIC OIL, GAS, AND FERTILIZER......................... 210

METHODS OF PRODUCING LIQUID HYDROCARBON FUELS FROM SOLID PLASTIC WASTES.................................................................... 211

PROCESSING BIOMASS............................................................................ 211

PROCESS AND SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING ENGINEERED FUEL 211

PHOTONIC RADIOLYSIS OF WASTE MATERIALS.......................... 211

MECHANIZED SEPARATION AND RECOVERY SYSTEM FOR SOLID WASTE....................................................................................................... 212

PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BIO-OIL FROM SOLID URBAN WASTE....................................................................................................... 213

METHOD FOR CONVERTING BIOMASS TO METHANE................ 213

U.S. REGISTERED PATENTS............................................................................... 213

TABLE 114: SAMPLE OF LATEST U.S. WASTE TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PATENTS, 2013-2015.............................................. 217

 Add 
13. COMPAMY PROFILES216-301
$1,720.00
$1,548.00

AALBORG ENERGIE TECHNIK A/S.................................................................. 216

ADI SYSTEMS INC................................................................................................... 217

AEROTHERMAL GROUP....................................................................................... 218

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WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC CORPORATION.............................................. 300

WMT-LBS GMBH...................................................................................................... 301

ZERO WASTE ENERGY, LLC (ZWE).................................................................. 301

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