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ULTRACAPACITORS FOR STATIONARY, INDUSTRIAL, CONSUMER AND TRANSPORT ENERGY STORAGE – AN INDUSTRY, TECHNOLOGY AND MARKET ANALYSIS
(View Introduction/Table Of Contents)
Publish Date: Feb 2010,   Pages: 171,   Report Code: ET-111
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1. INTRODUCTIONi - iv
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INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................I

STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES ................................................................................................I

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY .......................................................................................... II

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY...............................................................................................III

SCOPE AND FORMAT................................................................................................................III

METHODOLOGY....................................................................................................................... IV

INFORMATION SOURCES ......................................................................................................... IV

WHOM THE STUDY CATERS TO.................................................................................................V

AUTHOR’S CREDENTIALS .........................................................................................................V

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2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARYvii - ix
$195.00
$136.50

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY...........................................................................................................VII

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR ULTRACAPACITORS BY

APPLICATION, 2009 AND 2014 ($ MILLIONS) ........................................................................... IX

SUMMARY FIGURE ILLUSTRATION OF GLOBAL MARKET FOR

ULTRACAPACITORS, BY APPLICATION, 2009 AND 2014 ($ MILLIONS) ..................................... IX

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3. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW1-47
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INDUSTRY OVERVIEW .......................................................................................................... 1

INDUSTRY OVERVIEW (CONTINUED) .................................................................................... 2

DEVELOPMENT OF ULTRACAPACITORS............................................................................... 3

DEVELOPMENT OF ULTRACAPACITORS (CONTINUED) ......................................................... 4

DEVELOPMENT OF ULTRACAPACITORS (CONTINUED) ......................................................... 5

DEVELOPMENT OF ULTRACAPACITORS (CONTINUED) ......................................................... 6

TYPES AND APPLICATIONS .................................................................................................. 7

TYPES AND APPLICATIONS (CONTINUED) ............................................................................ 8

TABLE 1 APPLICATIONS AND POTENTIAL ENERGY/POWER FUNCTIONS OF

ULTRACAPACITORS............................................................................................................... 9

TABLE 2 BROAD APPLICATION AREAS AND RATINGS OF

ULTRACAPACITORS.............................................................................................................. 10

MARKET DOMAIN.................................................................................................................. 10

TABLE 3 APPLICATIONS OF ULTRACAPACITORS BY MARKET DOMAIN ................................ 11

STATIONARY ENERGY STORAGE ......................................................................................... 12

STATIONARY SUBSTATION BATTERY REPLACEMENT........................................................... 12

STATIONARY SUBSTATION BATTERY

REPLACEMENT (CONTINUED) ............................................................................................... 13

SUBSTATION BATTERY REPLACEMENT FOR LONG

DURATION OUTAGES............................................................................................................ 14

MITIGATING ELECTRIC SERVICE VOLTAGE

FLUCTUATIONS PRODUCED BY PULSING CUSTOMER

LOADS.................................................................................................................................. 14

DISTRIBUTED GENERATION.................................................................................................. 15

WIND ENERGY STORAGE..................................................................................................... 15

PITCH SYSTEMS OF WINDMILLS .......................................................................................... 15

SOLAR POWER..................................................................................................................... 16

INDUSTRIAL ENERGY STORAGE........................................................................................... 16

UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS)........................................................................... 17

OEM EQUIPMENT.................................................................................................................. 17

OEM EQUIPMENT RETROFITS............................................................................................... 17

TELECOMMUNICATIONS ....................................................................................................... 18

ELECTRIC FORK TRUCKS...................................................................................................... 19

TABLE 4 BATTERY COST V/S ULTRACAPACITOR COST COMPARISON IN

CLASS-1 LIFT TRUCK............................................................................................................. 20

RUBBER-TIRE GANTRY CRANES .......................................................................................... 20

FIGURE 1 APPLICATION OF ULTRACAPACITORS-EXPLANATION OF TYPICAL

LOAD CYCLE OF RUBBER-TIRED GANTRY CRANE ............................................................... 21

CONSUMER ELECTRONICS ENERGY STORAGE ................................................................... 21

CONSUMER ELECTRONICS ENERGY STORAGE

(CONTINUED)......................................................................................................................... 22

CONSUMER ELECTRONICS ENERGY STORAGE

(CONTINUED)......................................................................................................................... 23

COMPUTER SOLID STATE DRIVES (SSDS)............................................................................ 24

MOBILE PHONE CAMERA FLASH AND POWER

MANAGEMENT ..................................................................................................................... 24

MOBILE PHONE CAMERA FLASH AND POWER

MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) ................................................................................................ 25

AUTOMOTIVE METER READING............................................................................................. 26

OTHER CONSUMER APPLICATIONS....................................................................................... 26

TOYS .................................................................................................................................... 26

HOME APPLIANCES (SMALL UPS)......................................................................................... 27

BACKUP POWER .................................................................................................................. 27

OFFICE EQUIPMENT ............................................................................................................. 27

ENERGY HARVESTING FOR WIRELESS SENSOR

NETWORKING (WSN)............................................................................................................. 28

CASE STUDY......................................................................................................................... 29

CASE STUDY (CONTINUED) .................................................................................................. 30

FIGURE 2 APPLICATION OF ULTRACAPACITORS IN VIBRATIONAL ENERGY

HARVESTING WIRELESS SENSORS NETWORK MODULE ................................................... 31

TRANSPORT ENERGY STORAGE......................................................................................... 31

DISTRIBUTED POWER.......................................................................................................... 32

POWER ACTUATORS........................................................................................................... 33

MARKET SEGMENTS .......................................................................................................... 34

STORAGE OF REGENERATED BRAKING ENERGY IN HEVS,

PHEVS AND EVS................................................................................................................. 34

AUTO ENGINE CRANKING (COLD CRANKING OF DIESEL

ENGINES............................................................................................................................. 35

POWER BACKUP FOR ELECTROMECHANICAL BRAKES OF

HYBRID PASSENGER CARS ............................................................................................... 36

CAPTURE OF REGENERATED BRAKING ENERGY IN HEAVY

DUTY TRUCKS, TRANSIT BUSES AND DELIVERY VANS ...................................................... 36

CAPTURE OF REGENERATED BRAKING

(CONTINUED)....................................................................................................................... 37

CAPTURE OF REGENERATED BRAKING ENERGY IN

ELECTRIC TRAINS/TRAMS................................................................................................... 38

BOARDNET STABILIZATION, 42V DISTRIBUTED POWER

MODULES IN HIGH-END CARS............................................................................................ 38

DISTRIBUTED POWER APPLICATION – POWER STEERING................................................. 39

POWER-STEERING PROFILE.............................................................................................. 40

OTHER POSSIBLE AUTOMOTIVE USES OF

ULTRACAPACITORS ........................................................................................................... 40

INTEGRATED STARTING ALTERNATORS............................................................................. 40

INTEGRATION WITH FUEL CELLS........................................................................................ 41

INTEGRATION WITH BATTERY-HYBRID

BATTERY/ULTRACAPACITOR COMBINATION ...................................................................... 41

FIGURE 3 FUNCTIONING OF AN ULTRACAPACITOR USED WITH A BATTERY....................... 42

INTEGRATION WITH BATTERY-HYBRID

BATTERY/ULTRACAPACITOR COMBINATION

(CONTINUED)...................................................................................................................... 43

FIGURE 4 FUNCTIONING OF AN ULTRACAPACITOR, BATTERY AND BUCKBOOST

CONVERTER IN REGENERATING BRAKING ENERGY IN

TRANSPORT SYSTEMS...................................................................................................... 44

INTEGRATION WITH BATTERY-HYBRID

BATTERY/ULTRACAPACITOR COMBINATION

(CONTINUED)...................................................................................................................... 45

TABLE 5 TARGET PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS OF ULTRACAPACITORS

– DOE GUIDELINES............................................................................................................ 46

FIGURE 5 ILLUSTRATION OF ULTRACAPACITORS USED IN A 42V SYSTEM

TO MEET SPECIFICATIONS IN PASSENGER CARS ............................................................ 47

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4. LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES AS ALTERNATIVE TO ULTRACAPACITORS48-52
$250.00
$175.00

LITHIUM BATTERIES AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO ULTRACAPACITORS – COST AND

BUSINESS ISSUES.................................................................................................................. 48

COST ISSUE............................................................................................................................ 48

COST OF MATERIALS ............................................................................................................. 48

TABLE 6 PRICE STRUCTURE OF LARGE-FORMAT ULTRACAPACITORS ................................... 49

COST COMPARISON................................................................................................................ 50

CHALLENGE FROM LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES........................................................................... 51

TABLE 7 COMPARISON OF ULTRACAPACITORS WITH LI-ION BATTERIES................................ 52

 Add 
5. MARKET SIZE AND SHARE 53-69
$850.00
$595.00

MARKET SIZE AND SHARE.................................................................................................... 53

TABLE 8 SUMMARY OF GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND PERCENTAGE SHARE

FOR ULTRACAPACITORS BY APPLICATION, 2009 AND 2014 ................................................. 54

FIGURE 6 SUMMARY OF GLOBAL MARKET FOR ULTRACAPACITORS BY

APPLICATION, 2009 AND 2014 .............................................................................................. 55

STATIONARY ENERGY STORAGE ........................................................................................ 56

TABLE 9 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR

ULTRACAPACITORS, BY CATEGORY OF STATIONARY APPLICATIONS................................. 56

INDUSTRIAL ENERGY STORAGE.......................................................................................... 56

TABLE 10 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR

ULTRACAPACITORS, BY CATEGORY OF INDUTRIAL ENERGY STORAGE

APPLICATIONS..................................................................................................................... 57

CONSUMER ELECTRONICS ENERGY STORAGE .................................................................. 58

TABLE 11 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR

ULTRACAPACITORS, BY CATEGORY OF APPLICATION IN CONSUMER

ELECTRONICS...................................................................................................................... 58

TRANSPORT ENERGY STORAGE.......................................................................................... 58

TABLE 12 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR

ULTRACAPACITORS, BY CATEGORY OF APPLICATION IN TRANSPORT

ENERGY STORAGE, 2009 AND 2014 ($ MILLIONS) ................................................................ 59

KEY POINTS IN TRANSPORT ENERGY STORAGE................................................................. 60

AREAS FOR POTENTIAL GROWTH IN TRANSPORT ENERGY

STORAGE............................................................................................................................ 60

HYBRID TRANSIT BUSES, POSTAL VANS, URBAN

SHUTTLES AND DELIVERY VANS......................................................................................... 60

HYBRID CARS ..................................................................................................................... 61

MARKET SIZE BY REGION.................................................................................................... 62

TABLE 13 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR

ULTRACAPACITORS BY REGION, 2009 AND 2014 ................................................................ 63

FIGURE 7 REGIONAL PERCENTAGES OF MARKET SHARE FOR

ULTRACAPACITORS, 2009 AND 2014 ................................................................................... 64

MARKET SIZE BY ULTRACAPACITOR FORM FACTOR.......................................................... 65

TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR

ULTRACAPACITORS BY SIZE, 2009 AND 2014 ..................................................................... 65

FIGURE 8 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR

ULTRACAPACITORS BY SIZE, 2009 AND 2014 ..................................................................... 66

MARKET SIZE BY TECHNOLOGY......................................................................................... 67

TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR

ULTRACAPACITORS BY TECHNOLOGY, 2009 AND 2014 ..................................................... 68

FIGURE 9 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR

ULTRACAPACITORS BY TECHNOLOGY, 2009 AND 2014 ..................................................... 69

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6. ULTRACAPACITOR TECHNOLOGIES AND PRODUCTS70-96
$1,080.00
$756.00

ULTRACAPACITOR TECHNOLOGIES AND PRODUCTS............................................................. 70

DEFINITIONS........................................................................................................................... 70

DEFINITIONS (CONTINUED)..................................................................................................... 71

DEFINITIONS (CONTINUED)..................................................................................................... 72

BASIC ASPECTS OF ULTRACAPACITOR TECHNOLOGY.......................................................... 73

BASIC ASPECTS OF ULTRACAPACITOR TECHNOLOGY

(CONTINUED)......................................................................................................................... 74

BASIC ASPECTS OF ULTRACAPACITOR TECHNOLOGY

(CONTINUED)......................................................................................................................... 75

ULTRACAPACITORS VS. LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES................................................................. 76

ULTRACAPACITORS VS. CAPACITORS ................................................................................. 76

TABLE 16 COMPARISON OF ULTRACAPACITOR AND BATTERY

CHARACTERISTICS............................................................................................................... 77

OPERATION OF A TYPICAL SYMMETRIC EDLC (PURE EDLC USING

AQUEOUS ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR)............................................................. 78

CURRENT MATERIALS FOR ULTRACAPACITORS.................................................................. 78

CURRENT MATERIALS FOR ULTRACAPACITORS (CONTINUED)............................................ 79

TABLE 17 CURRENT MATERIALS USED IN EDLCS BY TECHNOLOGY, 2009.......................... 80

TABLE 17 CURRENT MATERIALS USED IN EDLCS BY TECHNOLOGY, 2009

(CONTINUED)....................................................................................................................... 81

TABLE 17 CURRENT MATERIALS USED IN EDLCS BY TECHNOLOGY, 2009

(CONTINUED)....................................................................................................................... 82

TABLE 17 CURRENT MATERIALS USED IN EDLCS BY TECHNOLOGY, 2009

(CONTINUED)....................................................................................................................... 83

TABLE 17 CURRENT MATERIALS USED IN EDLCS BY TECHNOLOGY, 2009

(CONTINUED)....................................................................................................................... 84

EMERGING MATERIALS: CARBON NANOTUBE

ULTRACAPACITORS ............................................................................................................ 84

EMERGING MATERIALS: CARBON NANOTUBE

ULTRACAPACITORS (CONTINUED) ...................................................................................... 85

TABLE 18 EMERGING MATERIALS USED IN EDLCS ............................................................ 86

SIZING OF ULTRACAPACITORS ........................................................................................... 86

FIGURE 10 INTERNAL CONSTRUCTION OF CYLINDRICAL ULTRACAPACITOR

SINGLE CELLS..................................................................................................................... 87

FIGURE 11 ELECTRODES, SEPARATORS AND ELECTROLYTES

INTERACTION IN A CYLINDRICAL ULTRACAPACITOR............................................................. 88

SIZING ACCORDING TO POWER ........................................................................................... 88

FORMAT 2-LOW VOLTAGE (LESS THAN 10V) ....................................................................... 88

FIGURE 12 DIFFERENT FORM FACTORS OF COMMERCIAL

ULTRACAPACITORS.............................................................................................................. 89

FORMAT 3-HIGH VOLTAGE (MORE THAN 10V)...................................................................... 89

FORMAT 4............................................................................................................................ 90

SIZING ACCORDING TO SHAPES ......................................................................................... 90

COMPACT TYPE ................................................................................................................. 90

TABLE 19 TYPICAL SIZES OF COMPACT ULTRACAPACITOR CELLS..................................... 91

COIN TYPE ......................................................................................................................... 91

TABLE 20 TYPICAL SIZES OF COIN ULTRACAPACITOR CELLS............................................. 91

LARGE-SIZE MODULE ........................................................................................................ 92

ULTRACAPACITORS IN SERIES........................................................................................... 92

FORMAT 1 – LARGE FORMAT BANK.................................................................................... 92

FIGURE 13 ULTRACAPACITOR CELLS IN SERIES TO FORM A MODULE .............................. 93

MODULAR CONFIGURATIONS ............................................................................................. 94

TABLE 21 TYPICAL SIZES OF LARGE-SIZE MODULES OF ULTRACAPACITOR

CELLS ............................................................................................................................... 95

QUALIFICATIONS AND STANDARDS FOR ULTRACAPACITORS............................................ 95

QUALIFICATIONS & STANDARDS FOR ULTRACAPACITORS

(CONTINUED)..................................................................................................................... 96

 Add 
7. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE97-107
$550.00
$385.00

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE............................................................................................................... 97

TABLE 22 ULTRACAPACITOR PRODUCT LINE REFERENCE, 2009 ............................................... 98

TABLE 22 ULTRACAPACITOR PRODUCT LINE REFERENCE, 2009

(CONTINUED).............................................................................................................................. 99

TABLE 23 ULTRACAPACITORS-RELATED PARTS SUPPLIERS,

MANUFACTURERS, SYSTEM INTEGRATORS PRODUCT LINE REFERENCE .............................. 100

TABLE 23 ULTRACAPACITORS-RELATED PARTS SUPPLIERS,

MANUFACTURERS, SYSTEM INTEGRATORS PRODUCT LINE REFERENCE

(CONTINUED)........................................................................................................................... 101

TABLE 23 ULTRACAPACITORS-RELATED PARTS SUPPLIERS,

MANUFACTURERS, SYSTEM INTEGRATORS PRODUCT LINE REFERENCE

(CONTINUED).......................................................................................................................... 102

RAW MATERIAL SUPPLIERS................................................................................................... 102

MARKET DYNAMICS .............................................................................................................. 103

COMPETITION AND MARKET TRENDS .................................................................................... 104

ALLIANCES ............................................................................................................................ 105

TABLE 24 ACQUISITIONS AND MERGERS OF COMPANIES MANUFACTURING

ULTRACAPACITORS, 2004 TO APRIL 2009.............................................................................. 106

RANKING OF MARKET PLAYERS........................................................................................... 107

TABLE 25 TOP MANUFACTURERS OF ULTRACAPACITORS FOR TRANSPORT

ENERGY STORAGE IN 2009.................................................................................................... 107

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8. PATENTS AND PATENT ANALYSIS CHAPTER108-151
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$1,053.50

PATENTS AND PATENT ANALYSIS........................................................................................... 108

LIST OF PATENTS.................................................................................................................... 108

US PATENTS .......................................................................................................................... 108

POWER SUPPLY .................................................................................................................... 108

WET ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITOR............................................................................................ 109

ELECTRODE FOR ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITORS

MANUFACTURING METHOD, ELECTRIC DOUBLELAYER

CAPACITOR AND CONDUCTIVE ADHESIVE ............................................................................ 109

CURRENT COLLECTOR FOR AN ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER

CAPACITOR............................................................................................................................ 109

ELECTRODE AND CURRENT COLLECTOR FOR

ELECTROCHEMICAL CAPACITOR........................................................................................... 110

WET ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITORS........................................................................................ 110

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR AND

ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION THEREFOR................................................................................... 111

METHOD OF MAKING, APPARATUS, AND ARTICLE OF

MANUFACTURING FOR AN ELECTRODE TERMINATION

CONTACT INTERFACE............................................................................................................. 111

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR, CONTROL

METHOD THEREOF, AND ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM

USING THE SAME .................................................................................................................. 112

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR (EDLC), ELECTRIC

ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME,

AND PRODUCTION METHOD FOR EDLC................................................................................... 112

METHOD FOR SELECTING ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION FOR

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR................................................................................... 113

ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION FOR ELECTRIC DOUBLELAYER

CAPACITOR AND ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER

CAPACITOR.............................................................................................................................. 113

PROCESS OF PRODUCING ACTIVATED CARBON FOR

ELECTRODE OF ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER

CAPACITOR............................................................................................................................. 113

METHOD OF MAKING A MULTI-ELECTRODE DOUBLELAYER

CAPACITOR HAVING HERMETIC ELECTROLYTE

SSEAL..................................................................................................................................... 114

DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR................................................................................................... 114

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR UTILIZING A

MULTI-LAYER ELECTRODE STRUCTURE AND METHOD

FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME.......................................................................................... 115

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR, ITS

MANUFACTURING METHOD, AND ELECTRONIC

DEVICE USING SAME............................................................................................................... 115

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR AND

ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION THEREFOR...................................................................................... 115

ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM ................................................................................................... 116

DENSIFICATION OF COMPRESSIBLE LAYERS DURING

ELECTRODE LAMINATION......................................................................................................... 116

CHARGE STORAGE DEVICE..................................................................................................... 117

COMPOSITION FOR POLYELECTROLYTES, EDLC AND

NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY CELLS................................................................. 117

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR ................................................................................... 118

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR ................................................................................... 118

PRETREATED POROUS ELECTRODE........................................................................................ 119

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR .................................................................................... 119

ELECTROLYTE FOR AN ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE.................................................................. 120

HIGH-POWER ULTRACAPACITOR ENERGY STORAGE

PPACK AND METHOD OF USE ................................................................................................... 120

RAPID CHARGER FOR ULTRACAPACITORS................................................................................ 120

CAPACITOR WITH BATTERY FORM FACTOR HOUSING............................................................... 121

METHOD OF MAKING POLARIZABLE ELECTRODE FOR

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR..................................................................................... 121

IONIC LIQUIDS, ELECTROLYTE SALTS FOR STORAGE

DEVICE, ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION FOR STORAGE

DEVICE, EDLC AND SECONDARY BATTERY .............................................................................. 122

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR .................................................................................... 122

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR .................................................................................... 122

LOW-PROFILE ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITOR ASSEMBLY............................................................ 123

CARBON MATERIAL AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME............................................................... 123

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR .................................................................................... 124

CARBON MATERIAL FOR ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER

CAPACITOR ELECTRODES.......................................................................................................... 124

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR AND

ELECTROLYTIC CELL ................................................................................................................. 125

PRODUCTION METHOD FOR ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER

CAPACITOR................................................................................................................................ 125

ENHANCED BREAKDOWN VOLTAGE ELECTRODE..................................................................... 125

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR AND

ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION THEREFOR ...................................................................................... 126

METHOD FOR PREPARING COMPOSITE FLEXIBLE

GRAPHITE MATERIAL................................................................................................................ 126

ELECTRODE DESIGN................................................................................................................ 127

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR ................................................................................... 127

METHOD FOR PRODUCING ACTIVATED CARBON FOR

ELECTRODE OF ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER

CAPACITOR............................................................................................................................... 127

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR ................................................................................... 128

ELECTRODE FOR ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR........................................................ 128

COMPOSITE ELECTRODE AND CURRENT COLLECTORS

AND PROCESSES FOR MAKING THE SAME.............................................................................. 129

THERMAL INTERCONNECTION FOR CAPACITOR SYSTEMS....................................................... 129

BATTERY PACK........................................................................................................................ 129

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CCAPACITOR................................................................................. 130

CAPACITOR STARTUP APPARATUS AND METHOD WITH

FAIL-SAFE SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTION................................................................................. 130

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR .................................................................................. 131

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR .................................................................................. 131

ROLL CONTAINER WITH PRESSER PLATES ............................................................................ 131

IONIC LIQUID, METHOD OF DEHYDRATION, ELECTRICAL

DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR, AND SECONDARY

BATTERY................................................................................................................................. 132

GRANULES FOR FORMATION OF AN ELECTRODE OF AN

EDLC, MANUFACTURING METHOD, ELECTRODE

SHEET, POLARIZED ELECTRODE, AND EDLC USING A

POLARIZED ELECTRODE ....................................................................................................... 132

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRECHARGING AND

DISCHARGING A HIGH-POWER ULTRACAPACITOR

PACK ................................................................................................................................... 133

HIGH-POWER ULTRACAPACITOR ENERGY STORAGE PACK

AND METHOD OF USE ......................................................................................................... 133

POLARIZING ELECTRODE FOR EDLC.................................................................................... 134

NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE, EDLC AND NONAQUEOUS

ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY CELLS ................................................................................... 134

PRETREATED POROUS ELECTRODE AND METHOD FOR

MANUFACTURING SAME..................................................................................................... 134

METHOD OF REMOVING RESIDUAL ACTIVE OXYHYDROGENS

........................................................................................................................................... 135

MULTI-ELECTRODE DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR HAVING

HERMETIC ELECTROLYTE SEAL......................................................................................... 135

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR ............................................................................. 136

ELECTRODE FOR ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR

AND SLURRY FOR FORMING THE SAME............................................................................ 136

PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF ELECTRODE FOR EDLC................................................. 136

EDLC WITH IMPROVED ACTIVATED CARBON

ELECTRODES.................................................................................................................... 137

ACTIVATED CARBON FOR USE IN ELECTRIC DOUBLELAYER

CAPACITORS .................................................................................................................. 137

COMPOSITE ELECTRODE AND METHOD FOR

FABRICATING SAME ........................................................................................................ 137

METHOD OF MAKING A MULTI-ELECTRODE DOUBLELAYER

CAPACITOR HAVING HERMETIC ELECTROLYTE

SEAL................................................................................................................................. 138

POLYMER GEL ELECTROLYTE, SECONDARY CELL, AND

ELECTRICAL DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR........................................................................ 138

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR ........................................................................... 139

CARBONIZED PRODUCT USED FOR PRODUCTION OF

ACTIVATED CARBON FOR ELECTRODE OF ELECTRIC

DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR ........................................................................................... 139

PROTON-CONDUCTING ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER

CAPACITOR USING ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION ................................................................ 139

EDLC, ELECTROLYTE BATTERY AND METHOD FOR

MANUFACTURING THE SAME........................................................................................... 140

METHOD OF MAKING SHEET ELECTRODE FOR EDLC AND

ROLLER ROLLING MACHINE SUITABLE FOR USE

THEREIN.......................................................................................................................... 140

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR .......................................................................... 141

PROCESS FOR PRODUCING CARBONIZED PRODUCT USED

FOR PRODUCING ACTIVATED CARBON FOR

ELECTRODE OF EDLC, AND ORGANIC MATERIAL FOR

CARBONIZED PRODUCT................................................................................................... 141

POLARIZING ELECTRODE FOR EDLC............................................................................... 141

SUPERCAPACITOR HAVING ELECTRODE MATERIAL

COMPRISING SINGLE-WALL CARBON NANOTUBES

AND PROCESS FOR MAKING THE SAME........................................................................ 142

POLARIZABLE ELECTRODE FOR ELECTRIC DOUBLELAYER

CAPACITOR, PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THE

POLARIZABLE ELECTRODE AND PROCESS FOR

PRODUCING THE ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER

CAPACITOR.................................................................................................................... 142

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR AND

ELECTROLYTE BATTERY................................................................................................ 143

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR, ELECTROLYTIC

CELL AND PROCESS FOR FABRICATING SAME ............................................................. 143

POLARIZABLE ELECTRODE FOR ELECTRIC DOUBLELAYER

CAPACITOR AND METHODS FOR PRODUCING

POLARIZABLE ELECTRODE AND CAPACITOR................................................................. 144

ELECTRODE FOR ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR.............................................. 144

ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER CAPACITOR ......................................................................... 145

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF POLARIZING PROPERTY

ELECTRODE FOR ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER

CAPACITOR, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF

ELECTRODE SHEET FOR ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER

CAPACITOR.................................................................................................................... 145

POLARIZABLE ELECTRODE FOR ELECTRIC DOUBLELAYER

CAPACITOR AND METHODS FOR PRODUCING

POLARIZABLE ELECTRODE AND CAPACITOR................................................................ 146

METAL COLLECTOR FOIL FOR ELECTRIC DOUBLE-LAYER

CAPACITOR, AND EDLC USING THE SAME ................................................................... 146

ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE COMPRISING A PAIR OF

ELECTRODES AND AN ELECTROLYTE.......................................................................... 146

PATENT ANALYSIS....................................................................................................... 147

TABLE 26 NUMBER OF US PATENTS GRANTED TO COMPANIES IN THE

ULTRACAPACITOR (EDLC) DESIGN CATEGORY FROM 2005 THROUGH

JANUARY 2009 ............................................................................................................ 148

FIGURE 14 NUMBER OF US PATENTS GRANTED TO TOP COMPANIES IN THE

ULTRACAPACITOR (EDLC) DESIGN CATEGORY FROM 2005 THROUGH

JANUARY 2009 ............................................................................................................ 149

INTERNATIONAL OVERVIEW OF U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN

ULTRACAPACITORS ....................................................................................................... 149

TABLE 27 NUMBER OF US PATENTS GRANTED FOR ULTRACAPACITORS BY

ASSIGNED COUNTRY/REGION FROM JANUARY 2005 THROUGH

JANUARY 2009 .................................................................................................................. 150

INTERNATIONAL OVERVIEW OF U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN

ULTRACAPACITORS ....................................................................................................... 151

 Add 
9. COMPANY PROFILES CHAPTER152-171
$760.00
$532.00

COMPANY PROFILES............................................................................................................ 152

ADVANCED CAPACITOR TECHNOLOGIES (ACT JAPAN) ........................................................ 152

ADA TECHNOLOGIES, INC .................................................................................................... 152

ANGLIA COMPONENTS ........................................................................................................ 153

APOWERCAP TECHNOLOGIES (APCT).................................................................................. 153

ARROW ELECTRONICS (UK), LTD. ........................................................................................ 153

ASC CAPACITORS ................................................................................................................ 154

AXION POWER....................................................................................................................... 154

BATSCAP............................................................................................................................... 155

CAP-XX PTY LTD .................................................................................................................... 155

ELIT CO. ................................................................................................................................ 156

ELNA CO., LTD....................................................................................................................... 156

ESMA .................................................................................................................................... 157

EVANS CAPACITOR COMPANY.............................................................................................. 157

FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES ....................................................................................................... 157

GO NANO .............................................................................................................................. 158

HITACHI AIC............................................................................................................................ 158

IOXUS, INC. ............................................................................................................................ 159

JM ENERGY CORP. ............................................................................................................... 159

KANTHAL GLOBAR................................................................................................................. 160

KILOFARAD INTERNATIONAL ................................................................................................. 160

KOLD BAN INTERNATIONAL.................................................................................................... 160

LS MTRON LTD. ..................................................................................................................... 161

MAXWELL TECHNOLOGIES.................................................................................................... 161

MIT LAB FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (LEES)................................ 161

MEIDENSHA CORPORATION ................................................................................................. 162

NANOTECTURE LTD. ............................................................................................................. 162

NESSCAP CO., LTD. ............................................................................................................. 163

NISSHINBO INDUSTRIES, INC................................................................................................. 163

NUINTEK ............................................................................................................................... 164

PANASONIC EV ENERGY CO., LTD. ...................................................................................... 164

POWER SYSTEMS CO., LTD. ................................................................................................ 165

RUBYCON JAPAN.................................................................................................................. 165

SHANGHAI AOWEI TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD................................................... 166

SHIZUKI ................................................................................................................................. 166

SINAUTEC AUTOMOBILE TECHNOLOGIES LLC (AUTHOR, FIX THIS.) ...................................... 166

SMART STORAGE PTY LTD.................................................................................................... 167

TARTU TECHNOGIAD OU ....................................................................................................... 167

TAVRIMA CANADA ................................................................................................................ 168

TECATE GROUP .................................................................................................................... 168

TECHINVEST ......................................................................................................................... 169

UBE INDUSTRIES .................................................................................................................. 169

ULTRACAP TECHNOLOGIES CORP. ...................................................................................... 170

UNITED CHEMI-CON .............................................................................................................. 170

VINATECH KOREA................................................................................................................. 171

WIMA .................................................................................................................................... 171

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