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LARGE-FORMAT RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY STORAGE IN TRANSPORT - TYPES, APPLICATIONS, NEW DEVELOPMENTS, INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND GLOBAL MARKETS
(View Introduction/Table Of Contents)
Publish Date: Aug 2009,   Pages: 132,   Report Code: EN-102
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1. INTRODUCTIONI-VIII
Free

INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................................I

STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES ............................................................................................. II

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY .......................................................................................III

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY.......................................................................................... IV

SCOPE AND FORMAT..................................................................................................................V

METHODOLOGY..........................................................................................................................V

INFORMATION SOURCES ........................................................................................................VI

WHOM THE STUDY CATERS TO............................................................................................VII

AUTHOR’S CREDENTIALS ....................................................................................................VIII

 Add 
2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARYIX-X
$130.00
$65.00

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY........................................................................................................................ IX

SUMMARY TABLE MARKET FOR LARGE-FORMAT, RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM

BATTERIES BY TYPE OF VEHICLE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) ..................................X

SUMMARY FIGURE MARKET FOR LARGE-FORMAT, RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM

BATTERIES BY TYPE OF VEHICLES USED ($ MILLION) .....................................................X

 Add 
3. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW1-8
$480.00
$240.00

INDUSTRY OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................................ 1

TABLE 1 POPULAR MODELS OF HEVS, PHEVS AND EVS TARGETED FOR

LITHIUM BATTERY USGAE ........................................................................................................ 2

TABLE 2 TYPES OF LARGE-FORMAT LITHIUM BATTERY FOR TRANSPORT

(ELECTRIC ENERGY STORAGE) CHEMISTRIES AND THEIR CAPABILITIES ................. 3

INDUSTRY OVERVIEW (CONTINUED) .................................................................................... 4

TABLE 3 LARGE-FORMAT, RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERY CELLSRELATED

PARTS SUPPLIERS MANUFACTURERS, SYSTEM INTEGRATORS,

PRODUCT LINE REFERENCE..................................................................................................... 5

TABLE 3 (CONTINUED) ...................................................................................................................... 6

TABLE 3 (CONTINUED) ...................................................................................................................... 7

TABLE 3 (CONTINUED) ...................................................................................................................... 8

 Add 
4. TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW9-33
$1,250.00
$625.00

TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW ..................................................................................................................... 9

LARGE-FORMAT, RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES........................................ 9

CELL DESIGN .................................................................................................................. 9

CELL PROTECTION SYSTEM......................................................................... 10

THERMAL MANAGEMENT.......................................................................................... 10

POWER INTERFACE..................................................................................................... 10

CONTROL INTERFACE ................................................................................................ 10

PACKAGING ................................................................................................................... 11

BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (BMS) IN LARGE RECHARGEABLE

LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES IN VEHICLES ...................................................................... 11

ELECTRICAL MANAGEMENT .................................................................................... 11

THERMAL MANAGEMENT.......................................................................................... 12

SAFETY ........................................................................................................................... 13

WORKING PRINCIPLES OF LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES .................................................... 14

FIGURE 1 SCHEMATIC OF A LITHIUM-ION CELL .................................................................... 15

MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS FOR LI-ION BATTERIES........................................................ 15

LITHIUM NICKEL COBALT MANGANESE (NCM OR NMC) .................................. 16

LITHIUM NICKEL COBALT ALUMINUM.................................................................. 16

LITHIUM MANGANESE OXIDE (LMS) ...................................................................... 16

LITHIUM IRON PHOSPHATE (LFP) ........................................................................... 17

LITHIUM TITANATE OXIDE NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIAL AS

ANODE...................................................................................................................... 17

LITHIUM POLYMER ..................................................................................................... 17

LITHIUM METAL POLYMER – LMP........................................................................... 18

FIGURE 2 LITHIUM METAL POLYMER CELL CONSTRUCTION ........................................... 19

CATHODES ........................................................................................................ 19

TABLE 4 CATHODE ELECTRODE MATERIAL ENERGY RATINGS......................................... 20

ANODES ............................................................................................................. 20

SEPARATORS.................................................................................................... 21

ELECTROLYTE ................................................................................................. 21

TABLE 5 ELECTROLYTES USED IN LARGE-FORMAT LITHIUM BATTERIES..................... 22

ORGANIC SOLVENTS...................................................................................... 22

TABLE 6 ORGANIC SOLVENTS USED IN LARGE FORMAT LITHIUM BATTERIES............ 23

TABLE 7 TYPE OF ELECTROLYTES USED ACCORDING TO TYPE OF LITHIUM

CELLS ........................................................................................................................................... 23

CELL PACKAGING........................................................................................... 24

SAFETY CIRCUITS........................................................................................... 24

SAFETY CIRCUITS (CONTINUED) ................................................... 25

MODULE AND BATTERY PACK MATERIALS............................................. 26

TESTING ............................................................................................................ 26

FUNCTION OF RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES V/S NICKEL

HYDRID BATTERIES........................................................................................................... 27

LITHIUM-ION BATTERY SAFETY........................................................................................... 28

HOW CELL TYPES DIFFER ...................................................................................................... 29

HOW CELL TYPES DIFFER (CONTINUED) .............................................................. 30

FIGURE 3 SCHEMATIC OF A CYLINDRICAL LITHIUM-ION CELL......................................... 31

FROM CELLS TO MODULES TO BATTERY PACKS ............................................................. 31

FIGURE 4 SCHEMATIC ILLUSTRATION OF A CELL, MODULE AND PACK ......................... 32

FIGURE 5 DIFFERENT SHAPES OF CELLS USED IN LITHIUM BATTERIES...................... 33

 Add 
5. APPLICATIONS34-49
$800.00
$400.00

APPLICATIONS....................................................................................................................................... 34

HEAVY DUTY HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES ..................................................................... 35

HEAVY DUTY HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES (CONTINUED) ............................. 36

TABLE 8 MULTIPLE TYPES OF HYBRID VEHICLES................................................................. 37

ON-ROAD ELECTRIC VEHICLES ............................................................................................ 38

TABLE 9 COMPARISON OF HEV, PHEV AND HEAVY DUTY HYBRID VEHICLE

TECHNOLOGIES......................................................................................................................... 38

OFF-ROAD VEHICLES AND INDUSTRIAL VEHICLES........................................................ 38

LIGHT ELECTRIC VEHICLES .................................................................................................. 39

BATTERY REQUIREMENTS ..................................................................................................... 39

TABLE 10 TYPICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF LARGE-FORMAT BATTERIES FOR

BICYCLES / EBIKES / SCOOTERS.......................................................................................... 40

BATTERIES FOR OTHER APPLICATIONS – HEVS, PHEVS AND EVS ............................. 40

HYBRID LIGHT VEHICLES ......................................................................................... 40

BATTERIES FOR HEVS ................................................................................................ 41

BATTERIES FOR HEVS (CONTINUED) ........................................................ 42

BATTERIES FOR HEVS (CONTINUED) ........................................................ 43

PLUG-IN HYBRID VEHICLES ..................................................................................... 44

ELECTRIC VEHICLES/ZERO EMISSION VEHICLES (EV/ZEV) ............................. 45

MINI EV.............................................................................................................. 46

FULL EV............................................................................................................. 47

BATTERIES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES AND ZERO EMISSION VEHICLES .................. 47

BATTERIES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES AND ZERO EMISSION

VEHICLES (CONTINUED) ..................................................................................... 48

BATTERIES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES AND ZERO EMISSION

VEHICLES (CONTINUED) ..................................................................................... 49

 Add 
6. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE50-64
$900.00
$450.00

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE....................................................................................................................... 50

TABLE 11 LARGE-FORMAT AND SMALL-FORMAT BATTERY USAGE .................................. 51

LEADING VEHICLE MANUFACTURERS WORKING WITH LITHIUM

BATTERIES ........................................................................................................................... 52

LEADING VEHICLE MANUFACTURERS WORKING WITH LITHIUM

BATTERIES (CONTINUED) ................................................................................... 53

LEADING VEHICLE MANUFACTURERS WORKING WITH

LITHIUMBATTERIES (CONTINUED)LARGE-SCALE INVESTMENTS.......... 54

LARGE-SCALE INVESTMENTS .................................................................................. 55

JOINT VENTURES AND TIE-UPS............................................................................................ 56

TABLE 12 MAJOR BATTERY MANUFACTURERS AND VEHICLE OEMS TIE-UPS

FOR FUTURE LARGE-FORMAT LITHIUM BATTERIES FOR TRANSPORT

APPLICATIONS........................................................................................................................... 57

PRICE ANALYSIS OF LARGE-FORMAT LITHIUM BATTERIES (CASE STUDY:

HEVS) .................................................................................................................................... 58

FIGURE 6 COST CONTRIBUTIONS OF HEV COMPONENTS AND COST

CONTRIBUTION OF BATTERY COMPONENTS IN LARGE-FORMAT LITHIUM

BATTERIES.................................................................................................................................. 59

PRICE ANALYSIS OF CYLINDRICAL CELLS 18650 USED IN LARGE-FORMAT

LITHIUM ION BATTERIES (CASE STUDY: PHEVS/EVS/FPBEVS/ZEVS) ................... 60

TABLE 13 EXAMPLE OF LARGE-FORMAT LITHIUM BATTERY ASSEMBLIES AND

CELL CONSTITUENTS............................................................................................................... 60

TABLE 14 PRICE ANALYSIS OF CELL TYPE 18650 LITHIUM MANGANESE OXIDE

AND OTHER CHEMISTRIES...................................................................................................... 61

R&D FUNDING........................................................................................................................... 62

TABLE 15 FUNDING ANNOUNCEMENTS TO DEVELOP ADVANCED LITHIUM

BATTERIES (THROUGH MAY 14, 2009) ................................................................................... 62

TABLE 15 (CONTINUED) .................................................................................................................. 63

TABLE 15 (CONTINUED) .................................................................................................................. 64

 Add 
7. GLOBAL MARKET AND REGIONAL MARKET SHARES65-81
$1,020.00
$510.00

GLOBAL MARKET AND REGIONAL MARKET SHARES................................................................... 65

EFFECT OF AUTO INDUSTRY MELTDOWN AND FALLING OIL PRICES ON

THE MARKET ....................................................................................................................... 65

EFFECT OF AUTO INDUSTRY MELTDOWN AND FALLING OIL PRICES

ON THE MARKET (CONTINUED)PRICES ONHE MARKET

(CONTINUED).......................................................................................................... 66

MARKET ACCORDING TO TYPES OF VEHICLES ................................................................ 67

TABLE 16 VOLUME OF LARGE-FORMAT, RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES

USED IN HEVS, PHEVS AND EVS IN 2009 AND 2014 ........................................................... 68

INFORMATION SOURCES AND BASIS OF MARKET ESTIMATION .................... 69

INFORMATION SOURCES AND BASIS OF MARKET

ESTIMATION (CONTINUED) ................................................................... 70

TABLE 17 MARKET FOR LARGE-FORMAT RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION

BATTERIES, 2009......................................................................................................................... 71

TABLE 18 MARKET FOR LARGE-FORMAT RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION

BATTERIES, 2014......................................................................................................................... 72

TABLE 19 MARKET FOR LARGE-FORMAT RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION

BATTERIES BY TYPE OF VEHICLE ($ MILLION).................................................................. 73

FIGURE 7 MARKET SHARE OF LARGE-FORMAT RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION

BATTERIES BY TYPE OF VEHICLE......................................................................................... 74

MARKET FOR LARGE-FORMAT RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES

BY CELL CHEMISTRY......................................................................................................... 75

TABLE 20 MARKET FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES FOR

TRANSPORT BY MATERIAL CHEMISTRY, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) ..................... 76

FIGURE 8 MARKET FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES FOR

TRANSPORT BY MATERIAL CHEMISTRY.............................................................................. 77

MARKET FOR LARGE-FORMAT, RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES

BY REGION ........................................................................................................................... 78

MARKET FOR LARGE-FORMAT, RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION

BATTERIES BY REGION (CONTINUED)............................................................. 79

TABLE 21 MARKET FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES FOR

TRANSPORT BY REGION, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) .................................................. 80

FIGURE 9 MARKET FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES FOR

TRANSPORT BY REGION ($ MILLIONS) ................................................................................. 81

 Add 
8. PATENTS AND PATENT ANALYSIS82-107
$1,300.00
$650.00

PATENTS AND PATENT ANALYSIS..................................................................................................... 82

LIST OF PATENTS...................................................................................................................... 82

LARGE-FORMAT LITHIUM BATTERIES – U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY.................... 83

BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ............................................................. 83

NANOPARTICLE-BASED POWDER COATINGS AND

CORRESPONDING STRUCTURES .......................................................... 84

LITHIUM SECONDARY CELL WITH HIGH CHARGE AND

DISCHARGE RATE..................................................................................... 84

STRUCTURES, SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR JOINING

ARTICLES AND MATERIALS AND USES THEREFORE...................... 84

BATTERY CONTROLLER AND METHOD FOR

CONTROLLING A BATTERY....................................................... 85

POST-DEPOSITION ENCAPSULATION OF NANOSTRUCTURES:

COMPOSITION, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS INCORPORATING

THE SAME................................................................................................... 86

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DISSIPATION OF HEAT

GENERATED BY A SECONDARY ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL......... 87

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR DEPOSITION OF THIN FILMS ........ 87

METHODS OF MAKING, POSITIONING AND ORIENTING

NANOSTRUCTURES, NANOSTRUCTURE ARRAYS AND

NANOSTRUCTURE DEVICES.................................................................. 87

ARRAY-BASED ARCHITECTURE FOR MOLECULAR

ELECTRONICS ........................................................................................... 88

NANOCOMPOSITES......................................................................................... 88

SYNTHESIS OF METAL PHOSPHATES........................................................ 89

ELECTRODES COMPRISING MIXED ACTIVE PARTICLES...................... 89

PARTICULATE ELECTRODE INCLUDING ELECTROLYTE FOR A

RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY.................................................. 89

CIRCUITS, APPARATUS, ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE

CHARGING METHODS, AND LITHIUM-MIXED METAL

ELECTRODE CELL CHARGING METHODS.......................................... 89

SECONDARY BATTERY ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIALS AND

METHODS FOR MAKING THE SAME .................................................... 89

OLIGO PHOSPHATE-BASED ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIALS

AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME....................................................... 89

LITHIUM-BASED ACTIVE MATERIALS AND PREPARATION

THEREOF .................................................................................................... 90

PROCESS FOR MAKING NANOSIZED STABILIZED ZIRCONIA .............. 90

LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY AND POSITIVE ELECTRODE

FOR THE SAME.......................................................................................... 90

METHOD FOR PRODUCING MIXED OXIDES AND MMETAL

OXIDE COMPOUNDS ................................................................................ 90

METHODS OF MAKING, POSITIONING AND ORIENTING

NANOSTRUCTURES, NANOSTRUCTURE ARRAYS AND

NANOSTRUCTURE DEVICES.................................................................. 91

METHODS OF MAKING LITHIUM METAL CATHODE ACTIVE

MATERIALS ................................................................................................ 91

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING NANOSIZED LITHIUMCOBALT

OXIDES BY FLAME SPRAYING PYROLYSIS........................ 92

POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR SECONDARY

BATTERY AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE

SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME ............................. 93

LITHIUM-CONTAINING PHOSPHATE ACTIVE MATERIALS .................. 93

PROCESS FOR MAKING LITHIUM TITANATE........................................... 93

LITHIUM-BASED ACTIVE MATERIALS AND PREPARATION

THEREOF .................................................................................................... 93

PROCESS FOR MAKING NANOSIZED AND SUB-MICRON-SIZED

LITHIUM-TRANSITION METAL OXIDE................................................. 93

STOCHASTIC ASSEMBLY OF SUBLITHOGRAPHIC NANOSCALE

INTERFACES .............................................................................................. 93

METHODS OF POSITIONING AND/OR ORIENTING

NANOSTRUCTURES.................................................................................. 93

STABILIZED ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL ACTIVE MATERIAL............... 94

SALTS OF ALKALI METALS OF N, N’ DISTRIBUTED AMIDES OF

ALKANE SULFINIC ACID AND NON-AQUEOUS

ELECTROLYTES ON THEIR BASIS ........................................................ 94

LITHIUM METAL FLUOROPHOSPHATE MATERIALS AND

PREPARATION THEREOF........................................................................ 94

LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY ................................................................ 94

PARTICULATE ELECTRODE INCLUDING PHOSPHATES AND

RELATED ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIALS ..................................... 94

ALKALI TRANSITION METAL PHOSPHATES AND ELECTRODE

ACTIVE MATERIALS................................................................................. 94

POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS AND POWER SUPPLY

OPERATIONAL METHODS....................................................................... 94

ELECTRICAL POWER SOURCE APPARATUS, CIRCUITS,

ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE CHARGING METHODS...................... 95

ALKALI METAL HYDROGEN PHOSPHATES AS PRECURSOR

FOR PHOSPHATE-CONTAINING ELECTROCHEMICAL

ACTIVE MATERIALS................................................................................. 95

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY CELL ............................... 95

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR RECHARGEABLE BATTERY.................... 95

ALKALI/TRANSITION METAL HALO- AND HYDROXYLPHOSPHATES

AND RELATED ELECTRODE ACTIVE

MATERIALS ................................................................................................ 95

ELECTRICAL ENERGY APPARATUS USES, ELECTRICAL

ENERGY CONDITIONING CIRCUITS, AND ELECTRICAL

SUPPLY METHODS ................................................................................... 95

COMPOSITE ACTIVE MATERIAL AND PROCESS FOR THE

PRODUCTION, ELECTRODE AND PROCESS FOR THE

PRODUCTION, AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE

BATTERY..................................................................................................... 96

COMPOSITE ACTIVE MATERIAL AND NON-AQUEOUS

ELECTROLYTE BATTERY........................................................................ 96

METHODS OF MAKING TRANSITION METAL COMPOUNDS

USEFUL AS CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIALS ...................................... 96

CIRCUITS, APPARATUS, ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE

CHARGING METHODS, AND LITHIUM-MIXED ELECTRODE

CELL CHARGING METHODS .................................................................. 96

LITHIUM-BASED ACTIVE MATERIALS AND PREPARATION

THEREOF .................................................................................................... 96

LITHIUM-CONTAINING PHOSPHATES, METHOD OF

PREPARATION, AND USES THEREOF .................................................. 96

LITHIUM CELL BASED ON LITHIATED TRANSITION METAL

TITANATES................................................................................................. 96

LITHIUM-CONTAINING PHOSPHATES AND METHOD OF

PREPARATION........................................................................................... 97

POSITIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR SECONDARY BATTERY AND

NON-AQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY.............................................. 97

SECONDARY LITHIUM BATTERY CONSTRUCTION FOR

IMPROVED HEAT TRANSFER................................................................. 97

LITHIUM-CONTAINING MATERIALS .......................................................... 97

SYNTHESIS OF LITHIATED TRANSITION METAL TITANATES

FOR LITHIUM CELLS ............................................................................... 97

PREPARATION OF LITHIUM-CONTAINING MATERIALS ....................... 97

PREPARATION OF LITHIUM-CONTAINING MATERIALS ....................... 97

LITHIUM MANGANESE OXIDE AND LITHIUM SECONDARY

BATTERY..................................................................................................... 98

METHOD FOR PRODUCING CATALYST STRUCTURES ........................... 98

PATENT ANALYSIS.................................................................................................................... 98

TABLE 22 NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS GRANTED TO COMPANIES FOR LARGEFORMAT,

AUTOMOTIVE GRADE, RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES

FROM 2004 TO OCTOBER 2008 ................................................................................................. 99

FIGURE 10 TOP COMPANIES IN NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS GRANTED FOR

LARGE FORMAT LITHIUM BATTERIES FOR TRANSPORT FROM 2004 TO 2008......... 100

INTERNATIONAL OVERVIEW OF U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN LITHIUM

BATTERIES ......................................................................................................................... 101

TABLE 23 NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS GRANTED BY COUNTRY/REGION FOR

LARGE-FORMAT, AUTOMOTIVE LITHIUM BATTERIES FROM 2004 TO DEC

2008.............................................................................................................................................. 101

IMPORTANT SELECTED WORLD PATENTS.......................................................... 102

WO/2007/116971 - LITHIUM TRANSITION METAL-BASED

COMPOUND POWDER FOR POSITIVE ELECTRODE

MATERIAL IN LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE BATTERY ..................... 102

WO/2002/011217 – PARTICULATE ELECTROLYTE FOR A

RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY................................................ 102

WO/2007/132993- BMS HAVING WATERPROOF FUNCTION.................. 103

WO/2006/082425) – A BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR

USE IN ONE OR MORE CELLS.............................................................. 104

WO/2008/068446 –BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM............................ 104

WO/2008/055505 - A BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR

LITHIUM ION CELLS.............................................................................. 104

WO/2005/057753 – METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MULTIPLE

BATTERY CELL........................................................................................ 105

WO/2007/050109 – LITHIUM BATTERY MANGEMENT SYSTEM........... 105

WO/2008/045455 – LITHIUM BATTERY SYSTEM...................................... 105

WO/2008/082111- MIDDLE- OR LARGE-SIZED BATTERY PACK

CASE PROVIDING IMPROVED DISTRIBUTION UNIFORMITY

IN COOLANT FLUX ................................................................................. 106

US20070124980A1 – CARTRIDGE FOR MIDDLE- OR LARGESIZED

BATTERY PACK........................................................................... 106

EP20060126328 – BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND

METHOD.................................................................................................... 107

EP20060026101 - BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM............................. 107

 Add 
9. COMPANY PROFILES108-129
$900.00
$450.00

COMPANY PROFILES.......................................................................................................................... 108

A123SYSTEMS.......................................................................................................................... 108

ADVANCED BATTERY TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (ABAT) ..................................................... 108

ALTAIR NANOTECHNOLOGIES............................................................................................ 109

AUTOMOTIVE ENERGY SUPPLY.......................................................................................... 110

BAK BATTERY .......................................................................................................................... 110

CHINA BAK BATTERY, INC.................................................................................................... 110

BYD CHINA............................................................................................................................... 111

COMPACT POWER INC. .......................................................................................................... 111

CONTINENTAL AG................................................................................................................... 112

ELECTROVAYA........................................................................................................................ 113

ENER1........................................................................................................................................ 114

GAIA AKKUMULATORENWERKE GMBH............................................................................ 115

GMB LTD. .................................................................................................................................. 115

HITACHI VEHICLE ENERGY ................................................................................................. 116

IMARA CORP ............................................................................................................................. 116

INTERNATIONAL BATTERY, INC. ........................................................................................ 117

JOHNSON CONTROL+SAFT................................................................................................... 117

K2 ENERGY SOLUTIONS, INC. .............................................................................................. 118

KOKAM CO., LTD...................................................................................................................... 118

LISHEN...................................................................................................................................... 119

LITHIUM ENERGY-GS YUASA............................................................................................... 120

NANOEXA ................................................................................................................................. 120

NANOGRAM COPORATION.................................................................................................... 121

NEI CORPORATION................................................................................................................. 122

PANASONIC EV ENERGY CO., LTD. ..................................................................................... 122

PIHSIANG ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD. ................................................................... 123

PLANAR ENERGY DEVICES................................................................................................... 123

QUALLION LLC ........................................................................................................................ 124

SANYO ELECTRIC.................................................................................................................... 125

S B LIMOTIVE CO LTD. ........................................................................................................... 126

SUZHOU PHYLION BATTERY CO. LTD................................................................................ 126

THUNDER SKY BATTERY LIMITED..................................................................................... 126

TOSHIBA BATTERY CO., LTD. ............................................................................................... 127

VALENCE TECHNOLOGY INC. .............................................................................................. 128

VALENCE TECHNOLOGY INC. (CONTINUED)...................................................... 129

 Add 
10. APPENDIX I130-132
$150.00
$75.00

APPENDIX I ........................................................................................................................................... 130

TABLE 24 BATTERY-POWERED ELECTRIC VEHICLES DEMONSTRATED OR

ANNOUNCED BY OEMS USING LARGE-FORMAT RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM

BATTERIES................................................................................................................................ 130

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