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NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES FOR PORTABLE AND RECHARGEABLE APPLICATIONS – TYPES, APPLICATIONS, NEW DEVELOPMENTS, INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND GLOBAL MARKETS
(View Introduction/Table Of Contents)
Publish Date: Feb 2009,   Pages: 165,   Report Code: EN-101
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1. INTRODUCTIONI-VI
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INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................ I

STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES ............................................................................................. II

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY ........................................................................................ II

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY .......................................................................................... III

SCOPE AND FORMAT ................................................................................................................ III

METHODOLOGY ......................................................................................................................... IV

INFORMATION SOURCES ........................................................................................................ IV

WHOM THE STUDY CATERS TO ............................................................................................... V

AUTHOR’S CREDENTIALS ....................................................................................................... VI

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2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARYVII-IX
$180.00
$90.00

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................................................................ VII

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (CONTINUED) .............................................................................. VIII

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR NANOENABLED

BATTERIES BY TYPE, 2008 AND 2013 .................................................................. IX

SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET SIZE FOR NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES BY

TYPE, 2008 AND 2013 ($ MILLIONS) ........................................................................................ IX

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3. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW1-4
$240.00
$120.00

INDUSTRY OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................................ 1

BUSINESS STRATEGY ................................................................................................................. 1

COMPETITION .............................................................................................................................. 2

JOINT VENTURES AND DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS ............................................................. 3

EMERGENCE OF CHINA IN NANO-ENEABLED BATTERIES .............................................. 3

EMERGENCE OF CHINA IN NANO-ENEABLED BATTERIES

(CONTINUED) ............................................................................................................ 4

 Add 
4. TECHNICAL OVERVIEW5-53
$1,715.00
$857.50

TECHNICAL OVERVIEW .......................................................................................................................... 5

TYPES OF BATTERIES ................................................................................................................ 5

PRIMARY BATTERIES .................................................................................................... 5

SECONDARY CELLS/BATTERIES ................................................................................ 6

SECONDARY CELLS/BATTERIES (CONTINUED) ........................................ 7

KEY TERMINOLOGIES RELATED TO BATTERIES...................................... 8

TABLE 1 ELECTROCHEMICAL CHARACTERSTICS OF RECHARGEABLE

BATTERIES .................................................................................................................................... 8

TABLE 2 DEFINITIONS OF KEY TERMINOLOGIES USED IN NANO-ENABLED

BATTERIES .................................................................................................................................... 9

TABLE 2 DEFINITIONS OF KEY TERMINOLOGIES USED IN NANO-ENABLED

BATTERIES (CONTINUED) ........................................................................................................ 10

LITHIUM VERSUS NON-LITHIUM TECHNOLOGIES .......................................................... 10

LITHIUM VERSUS NON-LITHIUM TECHNOLOGIES (CONTINUED) .................. 11

LITHIUM VERSUS NON-LITHIUM TECHNOLOGIES (CONTINUED) .................. 12

TABLE 3 COMPARISON OF RECHARGEABLE BATTERY POWER SOURCE

OPTIONS ...................................................................................................................................... 13

DESCRIPTION OF ELECTRODE MATERIAL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGIES ............... 13

TABLE 4 SYNTHESIS PROCESSES USED TO MANUFACTURE

NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS USED IN ELECTRODES FOR NANOENABLED

LITHIUM BATTERIES ............................................................................................. 14

TABLE 4 SYNTHESIS PROCESSES USED TO MANUFACTURE

NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS USED IN ELECTRODES FOR NANOENABLED

LITHIUM BATTERIES (CONTINUED) .................................................................. 15

TABLE 4 SYNTHESIS PROCESSES USED TO MANUFACTURE

NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS USED IN ELECTRODES FOR NANOENABLED

LITHIUM BATTERIES (CONTINUED) .................................................................. 16

RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES TECHNOLOGIES ............................................... 17

FIGURE 1 SCHEMATIC OF A LITHIUM-ION CELL .................................................................... 18

CONVENTIONAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY USAGE IN TRANSPORT ............................... 18

MATERIALS FOR LI-ION BATTERIES .................................................................................... 19

CATHODE MATERIALS ................................................................................................ 19

TABLE 5 MICRON-SCALE CATHODE ELECTRODE MATERIALS ........................................... 20

TABLE 6 NANOSCALE CATHODE ELECTRODE LITHIUM IRON PHOSPHATE

PROPERTIES WITH DIFFERENT CARBON % DOPING ........................................................ 21

ANODES .......................................................................................................................... 22

SEPARATORS ................................................................................................................. 23

ELECTROLYTES ............................................................................................................ 23

TABLE 7 ELECTROLYTES USED IN NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES ....................................... 24

ORGANIC SOLVENTS ................................................................................................... 24

TABLE 8 ORGANIC SOLVENTS USED IN NANO-ENABLED BATTERY .................................. 25

CELL PACKAGING ........................................................................................................ 25

SAFETY CIRCUITS ........................................................................................................ 26

MODULE AND BATTERY PACK MATERIALS .......................................................... 27

ADVANTAGES OF RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-BASED BATTERIES ............................... 27

LITHIUM-ION BATTERY SAFETY .............................................................................. 28

LITHIUM-ION BATTERY SAFETY (CONTINUED) ...................................... 29

HOW CELL TYPES DIFFER ...................................................................................................... 30

FIGURE 2 SCHEMATIC OF A CYLINDRICAL LITHIUM-ION CELL ......................................... 31

FROM CELLS TO MODULES TO BATTERY PACKS ............................................................. 31

FIGURE 3 SCHEMETIC OF A CELL.MODULE, PACK ................................................................. 32

NANOMATERIALS IN LI-ION BATTERIES ............................................................................ 32

NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS ............................................................................. 33

PRESENT STATUS AND FUTURE CHALLENGES ............................................. 33

THE ROLE OF NANOMATERIALS IN RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES ................. 34

THE ROLE OF NANOMATERIALS IN RECHARGEABLE

BATTERIES (CONTINUED) ...................................................................... 35

FIGURE 4 SCHEMETIC DIAGRAM OF A LITHIUM ION BATTERY SHOWING ION

MOVEMENT ................................................................................................................................. 37

TABLE 9 MATERIALS USED IN NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODES OF

RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES AND THEIR ELECTROCHEMICAL PROPERTIES .......... 38

TABLE 9 MATERIALS USED IN NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODES OF

RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES AND THEIR ELECTROCHEMICAL PROPERTIES

(CONTINUED) ............................................................................................................................... 39

TABLE 9 MATERIALS USED IN NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODES OF

RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES AND THEIR ELECTROCHEMICAL PROPERTIES

(CONTINUED) ............................................................................................................................... 40

TABLE 9 MATERIALS USED IN NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODES OF

RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES AND THEIR ELECTROCHEMICAL PROPERTIES

(CONTINUED) ............................................................................................................................... 41

TABLE 10 SUMMARY OF OTHER POTENTIAL MATERIALS FOR

NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODES USED IN BATTERIES ............................................... 42

TABLE 10 SUMMARY OF OTHER POTENTIAL MATERIALS FOR

NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODES USED IN BATTERIES (CONTINUED) .................... 43

TABLE 10 SUMMARY OF OTHER POTENTIAL MATERIALS FOR

NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODES USED IN BATTERIES (CONTINUED) .................... 44

ELECTRODE MATERIAL STRUCTURE ..................................................................... 44

TABLE 11 LAYERED, SPINEL AND OLIVINE STRUCTURE OF POSITIVE

ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR NANO-ENABLED LITHIUM BATTERIES .......................... 45

KEY POINTS ...................................................................................................... 46

NANOMATERIALS USED FOR NEGATIVE ELECTRON ANODES ........................ 46

THE ELECTRODE-ELECTROLYTE INTERFACE ..................................................... 47

CASE STUDY: CONSTRUCTING A NANO-ENABLED BATTERY ........................................ 48

TABLE 12 NANOSAFETM BATTERY PERFORMANCE DATA ..................................................... 48

CASE STUDY 1: A123 SYSTEMS BATTERY ............................................................... 49

CASE STUDY 1: A123 SYSTEMS BATTERY (CONTINUED) ....................... 50

CASE STUDY 2: ALTAIR NANOTECHNOLOGIES BATTERY ................................. 51

CASE STUDY 3: MPHASE TECHNOLOGIES MULTI-BATTERIES ........................ 52

TABLE 13 NANO-ENABLED CHEMISTRIES AND MANUFACTURERS IN 2008 .................... 53

 Add 
5. APPLICATIONS54-69
$560.00
$280.00

APPLICATIONS ....................................................................................................................................... 54

POWER TOOLS ............................................................................................................................ 54

POWER TOOLS (CONTINUED).................................................................................... 55

NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES VERSUS NORMAL LITHIUM BATTERIES

IN POWER TOOLS ................................................................................................... 56

CASE STUDY 1: MILWAUKEE ELECTRIC TOOL CORP.

CORDLESS POWER TOOLS...................................................................... 57

CASE STUDY 2: DEWALT-BLACK & DECKER CORDLESS

POWER TOOLS ........................................................................................... 57

BATTERIES FOR VEHICLES .................................................................................................... 58

BATTERIES FOR VEHICLES (CONTINUED) ............................................... 59

HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES (HEVS) .................................................................... 60

ELECTRIC VEHICLES (EVS) ....................................................................................... 61

PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES (PHEVS) ................................................. 61

LIGHT ELECTRIC VEHICLES (LEVS) ........................................................................ 62

HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLES ............................................................................................ 62

COMPARISON OF NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES VERSUS NORMAL

NIMH BATTERIES IN HYBRIDS/EVS .................................................................. 63

CASE STUDY 1: TOYOTA PRIUS CONVERTED TO PHEV ......................... 63

CASE STUDY 2: KILLACYCLE, ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLE

RUNNING ON NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES ...................................... 64

NANOSTRUCTURED BATTERIES FOR LAPTOPS ................................................................ 65

NANOSTRUCTURED BATTERIES FOR LAPTOPS (CONTINUED) ........................ 66

TABLE 14 USERS OF NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES IN 2008 ................................................... 67

TABLE 15 TYPICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE NANO

BATTERIES IN 2008 .................................................................................................................... 68

TABLE 16 NANO-ENABLED BATTERY ADVANTAGE IN THE TOYOTA PRIUS

HYBRID CAR CONVERTED TO PHEV ...................................................................................... 69

 Add 
6. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE70-92
$1,495.00
$747.50

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE ........................................................................................................................ 70

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE (CONTINUED) ................................................................................ 71

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE (CONTINUED) ................................................................................ 72

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE (CONTINUED) ................................................................................ 73

TABLE 17 TOP MANUFACTURERS OF NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES FOR

CORDLESS TOOLS, TRANSPORT AND UTILITIES (ELECTRIC FORK LIFT),

2008 ................................................................................................................................................ 74

COMPETITION ............................................................................................................................ 74

COMPETITION (CONTINUED) .................................................................................... 75

COMPETITION (CONTINUED) .................................................................................... 76

R&D IN NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS IMPACTING THE NANOENABLED

BATTERY BUSINESS .......................................................................... 77

TABLE 18 ONGOING RESEARCH IN NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODE

MATERIALS IMPACTING THE NANO BATTERY BUSINESS BEYOND 2008 ................... 78

TABLE 18 ONGOING RESEARCH IN NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODE

MATERIALS IMPACTING THE NANO BATTERY BUSINESS BEYOND 2008

(CONTINUED) ............................................................................................................................... 79

TABLE 18 ONGOING RESEARCH IN NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODE

MATERIALS IMPACTING THE NANO BATTERY BUSINESS BEYOND 2008

(CONTINUED) ............................................................................................................................... 80

TABLE 19 COMPANY/PRODUCT REFERENCE FOR NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES .......... 81

PARTNERSHIPS AND CONSOLIDATIONS............................................................................. 81

TABLE 20 RELATIONSHIPS OF TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS AND

MANUFACTURERS IN CHINA DURING 2007-2008 ............................................................... 82

TABLE 21 RELATIONSHIPS OF MANUFACTURERS WITH END USERS (OEMS)

DURING 2007-2008 ....................................................................................................................... 83

TABLE 22 RELATIONSHIPS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF COMPONENTS OF NANOENABLED

LITHIUM BATTERIES FROM 2006-JULY 2008 ................................................... 84

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FUNDING ....................................................................... 85

TABLE 23 FUNDING TO DEVELOP ADVANCED NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES, 2006

THROUGH AUG 15, 2008 ............................................................................................................ 86

TABLE 23 FUNDING TO DEVELOP ADVANCED NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES, 2006

THROUGH AUG 15, 2008 (CONTINUED) ................................................................................. 87

TABLE 23 FUNDING TO DEVELOP ADVANCED NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES, 2006

THROUGH AUG 15, 2008 (CONTINUED) ................................................................................. 88

OVERVIEW OF MATERIAL SUPPLIERS................................................................................. 88

TABLE 24 MAJOR SUPPLIERS OF MATERIALS FOR NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES ......... 89

TABLE 24 MAJOR SUPPLIERS OF MATERIALS FOR NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES

(CONTINUED) ............................................................................................................................... 90

TABLE 25 NANO-ENABLED BATTERY INDUSTRY PARTICIPANTS ....................................... 90

TABLE 25 NANO-ENABLED BATTERY INDUSTRY PARTICIPANTS (CONTINUED) ............ 91

TABLE 25 NANO-ENABLED BATTERY INDUSTRY PARTICIPANTS (CONTINUED) ............ 92

 Add 
7. GLOBAL AND REGIONAL MARKETS93-110
$900.00
$450.00

GLOBAL AND REGIONAL MARKETS .................................................................................................. 93

GLOBAL MARKET ACCORDING TO TYPES .......................................................................... 93

TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR NANO-ENABLED

BATTERIES, BY TYPE 2008 AND 2013 ..................................................................................... 94

FIGURE 5 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANO ENABLED BATTERIES, BY TYPE 2008

AND 2013 ($ MILLIONS) ............................................................................................................. 94

BASIS OF MARKET ESTIMATIONS............................................................................ 95

NANO-ENABLED VERSUS MICRONIC RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES ........................... 96

TABLE 27 PERCENTAGE OF NANO- VERSUS MICRONIC-STRUCTURED

BATTERIES BY MARKET DOMAIN IN 2008 ............................................................................ 96

TABLE 28 PERCENTAGE OF NANO-ENABLED VERSUS MICRONIC STRUCTURED

BATTERIES IN 2013 .................................................................................................................... 97

NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES FOR TRANSPORT ENERGY STORAGE ............... 97

TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR NANO-ENABLED

BATTERIES IN TRANSPORT AND UTILITY ENERGY STORAGE, 2008 AND 2013 ......... 98

NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES FOR CORDLESS TOOLS ........................................ 98

TABLE 30 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR NANO ENABLED

BATTERIES IN CORDLESS TOOLS, 2008 AND 2013 ............................................................. 99

GLOBAL MARKET ACCORDING TO TECHNOLOGIES ...................................................... 100

TABLE 31 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR NANO-ENABLED

BATTERIES BY TECHNOLOGY, 2008 AND 2013 .................................................................. 100

FIGURE 6 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE FOR NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES BY

TECHNOLOGY, 2008 AND 2013 ($ MILLIONS) ..................................................................... 101

GLOBAL MARKET ACCORDING TO REGION ..................................................................... 101

GLOBAL MARKET SIZE/PERCENTAGE SHARE FOR NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES

BY REGION, 2008 AND 2013 ..................................................................................................... 102

FIGURE 7 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE FOR NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES BY REGION,

2008 AND 2013 ($ MILLIONS) .................................................................................................. 103

COST STRUCTURE OF NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES ...................................................... 103

COST STRUCTURE OF NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES (CONTINUED) .............. 104

COST STRUCTURE OF NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES (CONTINUED) .............. 105

COST STRUCTURE OF NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES (CONTINUED) .............. 106

TABLE 33 COST BASIS FOR NANO LITHIUM-IRON-PHOSPHATE BATTERIES IN

SIZE 26650 IN 2008 .................................................................................................................... 107

COST STRUCTURE OF NANO-ENABLED BATTERIES (CONTINUED) .............. 108

FUTURE DIRECTIONS FOR NANOSTRUCTURED BATTERIES ...................................... 109

FUTURE DIRECTIONS FOR NANOSTRUCTURED BATTERIES

(CONTINUED) ........................................................................................................ 110

 Add 
8. PATENTS AND PATENT ANALYSIS111-135
$875.00
$437.50

PATENTS AND PATENT ANALYSIS ................................................................................................... 111

LIST OF PATENTS .................................................................................................................... 111

METHOD OF MAKING FINE LITHIUM-IRON-PHOSPHATE/CARBONBASED

POWDERS WITH AN OLIVINE-TYPE STRUCTURE .......................... 111

SELF-ORGANIZING BATTERY STRUCTURE WITH ELECTRODE

PARTICLES THAT EXERT A REPELLING FORCE ON THE

OPPOSITE ELECTRODE ...................................................................................... 112

NANOPARTICLE-BASED POWER COATINGS AND CORRESPONDING

STRUCTURES ........................................................................................................ 112

LITHIUM TRANSITION-METAL PHOSPHATE POWDER FOR

RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES ........................................................................... 112

PREPARATION OF NANOCRYSTALLINE LITHIUM-TITANATE SPINELS ....... 113

LITHIUM SECONDARY CELL WITH HIGH CHARGE AND DISCHARGE

RATE CAPABILITY ............................................................................................... 113

METHODS FOR NANOWIRE GROWTH ................................................................... 114

STRUCTURES, SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR JOINING ARTICLES

AND MATERIALS AND USES THEREFOR ....................................................... 114

CONDUCTIVE LITHIUM STORAGE ELECTRODE................................................. 114

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR HARVESTING AND INTEGRATING

NANOWIRES .......................................................................................................... 115

POLYMER COMPOSITION FOR ENCAPSULATION OF ELECTRODE

PARTICLES ............................................................................................................ 115

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR NANOWIRE GROWTH AND

HARVESTING ........................................................................................................ 115

NANOSCALE WIRE-BASED SUBLITHOGRAPHIC PROGRAMMABLE

LOGIC ARRAYS ..................................................................................................... 116

POST-DEPOSITION ENCAPSULATION OF NANOSTRUCTURES:

COMPOSITIONS, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS INCORPORATING SAME ....... 116

HIGH-ASPECT-RATIO METAL-POLYMER COMPOSITE STRUCTURES

FOR NANO INTERCONNECTS ........................................................................... 116

LITHIUM SECONDARY CELL WITH HIGH CHARGE AND DISCHARGE

RATE CAPABILITY ............................................................................................... 117

DETERMINISTIC ADDRESSING OF NANOSCALE DEVICES

ASSEMBLED AT SUBLITHOGRAPHIC PITCHES ............................................ 118

NANOCOMPOSITES .................................................................................................... 118

ELECTROWETTING BATTERY HAVING A NANOSTRUCTURED

ELECTRODE SURFACE ....................................................................................... 118

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SINGLE-WALL CARBON NANOTUBE

TIPS ......................................................................................................................... 119

NANOSTRUCTURE LITHIUM-TITANATE ELECTRODE FOR HIGH

CYCLE RATE RECHARGEABLE ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL ...................... 119

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR DEPOSITION OF THIN FILMS.................... 120

NANOSCALE ION STORAGE MATERIALS.............................................................. 120

METHODS OF POSITIONING AND/OR ORIENTING NANOSTRUCTURES ....... 120

METHODS OF MAKING, POSITIONING AND ORIENTING

NANOSTRUCTURES, NANOSTRUCTURE ARRAYS AND

NANOSTRUCTURE DEVICES ............................................................................. 121

NANOFIBER SURFACE-BASED CAPACITORS ...................................................... 121

SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING NANOWIRE COMPOSITES

AND ELECTRONIC SUBSTRATES THEREFROM ............................................ 121

COATED ELECTRODE PARTICLES FOR COMPOSITE ELECTRODES

AND ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS .................................................................... 122

METHOD OF PRODUCING REGULAR ARRAYS OF NANOSCALE

OBJECTS USING NANOSTRUCTURED BLOCK-COPOLYMERIC

MATERIALS ........................................................................................................... 122

ARRAY-BASED ARCHITECTURE FOR MOLECULAR ELECTRONICS ............... 122

ELECTROLYTIC PEROVSKITES ............................................................................... 123

PROCESS FOR MAKING NANOSIZED STABILIZED ZIRCONIA ......................... 123

METHOD FOR PRODUCING MIXED METAL OXIDES AND METAL

OXIDE COMPOUNDS ........................................................................................... 124

SUBLITHOGRAPHIC NANOSCALE MEMORY ARCHITECTURE ........................ 124

METHODS OF MAKING, POSITIONING AND ORIENTING

NANOSTRUCTURES, NANOSTRUCTURE ARRAYS AND

NANOSTRUCTURE DEVICES ............................................................................. 124

TIN OXIDE NANOSTRUCTURES .............................................................................. 125

CATHODE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM BATTERY .................................................. 125

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING NANOSIZED LITHIUM-COBALT

OXIDES BY FLAME-SPRAYING PYROLYSIS ................................................... 125

PROCESS FOR MAKING LITHIUM TITANATE ...................................................... 126

PROCESS FOR MAKING NANOSIZED AND SUBMICRON-SIZED

LITHIUM-TRANSITION METAL OXIDES ......................................................... 126

STOCHASTIC ASSEMBLY OF SUBLITHOGRAPHIC NANOSCALE

INTERFACES ......................................................................................................... 126

METHODS OF POSITIONING AND/OR ORIENTING NANOSTRUCTURES ....... 127

SALTS OF ALKALI METALS OF N, NH DISUBSTITUTED AMIDES OF

ALKANE SULFINIC ACID AND NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTES ON

THEIR BASIS ......................................................................................................... 127

NEGATIVE ELECTRODES FOR LITHIUM CELLS AND BATTERIES ................. 128

SECONDARY POWER SOURCE HAVING A LITHIUM TITANATE

ELECTROLYTE ...................................................................................................... 128

OXYGEN ION CONDUCTING MATERIALS ............................................................. 128

NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTES BASED ON ORGANOSILICON

AMMONIUM DERIVATIVES FOR HIGH-ENERGY POWER SOURCES ........ 129

ELECTRODES FOR LITHIUM BATTERIES ............................................................. 129

NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY WITH LITHIUM TITANIUM

CATHODE ............................................................................................................... 129

LONG-LIFE LITHIUM BATTERIES WITH STABILIZED ELECTRODES ............ 130

INTERMETALLIC NEGATIVE ELECTRODES FOR NON-AQUEOUS

LITHIUM CELLS AND BATTERIES ................................................................... 130

METHOD FOR PRODUCING CATALYST STRUCTURES ...................................... 130

DEVELOPMENT OF A GEL-FREE MOLECULAR SIEVE BASED ON

SELF-ASSEMBLED NANO-ARRAYS .................................................................. 131

PATENT ANALYSIS .................................................................................................................. 131

TABLE 34 NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS GRANTED TO COMPANIES DEVELOPING

MATERIALS AND PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES FOR NANO-ENABLED

BATTERIES FROM 2004 THROUGH JUNE 2008 .................................................................. 132

FIGURE 8 TOP COMPANIES IN TERMS OF U.S. PATENTS GRANTED FOR NANOENABLED

BATTERIES FROM 2004 THROUGH JUNE 2008 .............................................. 133

INTERNATIONAL OVERVIEW OF U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN NANO-ENABLED

BATTERIES ......................................................................................................................... 134

TABLE 34 NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS GRANTED BY COUNTRY/REGION FOR

NANOSTRUCTURED BATTERIES, (JANUARY 2004 TO JUNE 2008) ............................... 134

OTHER INTERNATIONAL PATENTS ....................................................................... 135

 Add 
9. COMPANY PROFILES136-165
$1,500.00
$750.00

COMPANY PROFILES ........................................................................................................................... 136

3M 136

A123 SYSTEMS .......................................................................................................................... 136

A123 SYSTEMS (CONTINUED) .................................................................................. 137

ACTACELL, INC. ....................................................................................................................... 138

ADVANCED BATTERY TECHNOLOGIES, INC .................................................................... 138

ADVANCED MEMBRANE SYSTEMS ..................................................................................... 139

ALFA AESAR .............................................................................................................................. 139

ALTAIR NANOTECHNOLOGIES, INC. .................................................................................. 140

ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY .................................................................................. 141

CELGARD K.K. .......................................................................................................................... 141

CHINA BAK BATTERY, INC. ................................................................................................... 142

CONTINENTAL AG ................................................................................................................... 142

DEGUSAA .................................................................................................................................. 143

DEWALT INDUSTRIAL TOOL CO. ......................................................................................... 144

EDRIVE SYSTEMS LLC ........................................................................................................... 144

ELECTROVAYA ......................................................................................................................... 145

ENER1, INC............................................................................................................................... 145

ENERGYPLEX CORPORATION .............................................................................................. 146

ENTEK MEMBRANES LLC ..................................................................................................... 146

GE GLOBAL RESEARCH CENTER ........................................................................................ 147

GENERAL MOTORS ................................................................................................................. 148

GRIDPOINT, INC....................................................................................................................... 149

HITACHI MAXELL .................................................................................................................... 150

HYBRID PLUS ........................................................................................................................... 150

KILLACYCLE ............................................................................................................................. 150

MPHASE TECHNOLOGIES ..................................................................................................... 151

MPHASE TECHNOLOGIES (CONTINUED) .......................................................................... 152

MILWAUKEE ELECTRIC TOOL CORPORATION ................................................................ 152

MITSUI MINING & SMELTING CO. ...................................................................................... 153

NGIMAT CO. .............................................................................................................................. 153

NANOENER, INC ...................................................................................................................... 154

NANOEXA ................................................................................................................................. 154

NANOGRAM ............................................................................................................................... 155

PHOSTECH LITHIUM INC. ..................................................................................................... 155

NEI CORPORATION ................................................................................................................. 156

PIHSIANG ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD .................................................................... 156

PIHSIANG ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD (CONTINUED) ......................................... 157

QUANTUMSPHERE, INC. ........................................................................................................ 157

QUANTUMSPHERE, INC. (CONTINUED) ............................................................................. 158

QUALLION LLC ........................................................................................................................ 158

QUALLION LLC (CONTINUED) ............................................................................................. 159

SHOWA DENKO CARBON, INC. ............................................................................................. 159

SRI INTERNATIONAL .............................................................................................................. 160

SÜD-CHEMIE AG ...................................................................................................................... 160

SUN NANOTECH CO., LTD. .................................................................................................... 161

THINK GLOBAL AS .................................................................................................................. 161

TIMCAL LTD .............................................................................................................................. 162

TJ TECHNOLOGIES ................................................................................................................. 162

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