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RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES FOR STATIONARY/INDUSTRIAL, AUTOMOTIVE AND CONSUMER ELECTRONICS - TYPES, MATERIALS, APPLICATIONS, NEW DEVELOPMENTS, INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND GLOBAL MARKETS
(View Introduction/Table Of Contents)
Publish Date: May 2018,   Pages: 174,   Report Code: EN-109
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1. INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION-
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STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES xvii REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY xviii CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY xix SCOPE AND FORMAT xix METHODOLOGY xix INFORMATION SOURCES xx WHOM THE STUDY CATERS TO xxi AUTHOR’S CREDENTIALS xxii
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2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY1-3
$210.00
$199.50

STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES. xvii

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY. xviii

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY. xix

SCOPE AND FORMAT. xix

METHODOLOGY. xix

INFORMATION SOURCES. xx

WHOM THE STUDY CATERS TO.. xxi

AUTHOR’S CREDENTIALS. xxii

SUMMARY TABLE A: MARKET ESTIMATE FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENTS, 2016-2022 ...................................... 2
SUMMARY TABLE B: MARKET SHARE FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENTS, 2017 AND 2022 ............................. 3
SUMMARY FIGURE A .............................................................................................. 3
 Add 
3. INDUSTRY AND MARKET OVERVIEW4-19
$800.00
$760.00
KEY CELL MANUFACTURES ................................................................................. 5
TABLE 1: LITHIUM-ION CELL CHEMISTRIES ADOPTED BY BATTERY MANUFACTURERS .................................................................................................. 6
GLOBAL MARKET OVERVIEW ............................................................................... 7
TABLE 2: MARKET ESTIMATE FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENTS, 2016-2022 ...................................... 8
TABLE 3: MARKET SIZE OF RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM CELL PRODUCTION BY CATHODE ELECTRODE CHEMISTRY, 2016 AND 2021 ....... 9
Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries - Types, Materials, Applications, New Developments, Industry
Structure and Global Markets
Copyright2018@Innovative Research and Products, Inc., Stamford, CT USA, Web: www.innoresearch.net 4
FIGURE 1: MARKET SIZE OF RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM CELL PRODUCTION BY CATHODE ELECTRODE CHEMISTRY, 2016 AND 2021 ..... 10
FIGURE 2: REGIONWISE SHARE OF RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES/MODULES/CELLS FOR STATIONARY APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2016 AND 2021 ........................................................................................ 11
FIGURE 3: REGIONWISE SHARE OF RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY/MODULES/CELLS FOR AUTOMOTIVES BY REGION, 2016 AND 2021 ........................................................................................................................... 12
FIGURE 4: REGIONWISE SHARE OF RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY/MODULES/CELLS FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS BY REGION, 2016 AND 2021 ......................................................................................................... 13
INDUSTRY DYNAMICS.......................................................................................... 13
LITHIUM BATTERY SUPPLIER AGREEMENTS TO TELECOM OPERATORS OF STATIONARY MARKETS..................................................... 14
TABLE 4: GLOBAL SUPPLY AGREEMENTS BETWEEN LITHIUM BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE MANUFACTURING FIRMS (KILOWATT HOUR SCALE) AND TELECOM TOWER UTILITIES .................................................................... 14
LITHIUM BATTERY SUPPLIER ALLIANCES WITH OEMS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET .................................................................................... 14

TABLE 5: GLOBAL ALLIANCES BETWEEN LITHIUM CELL MANUFACTURERS AND AUTOMAKERS ........................................................... 16
TABLE 6: GLOBAL SUPPLY AGREEMENTS BETWEEN LITHIUM CELL MANUFACTURERS AND OEM AUTOMAKERS OR TIER 1 SUPPLIERS ......... 17
LITHIUM BATTERY SUPPLIERS TO OEMS IN THE CONSUMER ELECTRONICS MARKET .................................................................................. 18
Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries - Types, Materials, Applications, New Developments, Industry
Structure and Global Markets
Copyright2018@Innovative Research and Products, Inc., Stamford, CT USA, Web: www.innoresearch.net 5
TABLE 7: SUPPLY AGREEMENTS AMONG LITHIUM CELL MANUFACTURERS, PRODUCT CATEGORYAND RELATED CONSUMER ELECTRONICS OEMS ............................................................................................ 19
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4. TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW20-63
$1,320.00
$1,254.00
PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION OF LI-ION RECHARGEABLE CELLS .............. 20
FIGURE 5: SCHEMATIC OF A LITHIUM-ION CELL .......................................... 21
CHARGING AND DISCHARGING ..................................................................... 21
SELF-DISCHARGING ......................................................................................... 21
COMPONENTS OF RECHARGEABLE CELLS ................................................ 22
FIGURE 6: SCHEMATIC OF A CYLINDRICAL LITHIUM-ION CELL ............... 22
CATHODES ...................................................................................................... 23
ANODES ........................................................................................................... 23
ELECTROLYTES AND ADDITIVES .............................................................. 24
CELL ENCLOSURES (CASES AND POUCHES) .......................................... 25
CELL ENCLOSURES (CASES AND POUCHES) (CNTD.) ........................... 26
FIGURE 7: TYPICAL CELLS USED IN LITHIUM BATTERIES .......................... 27
POLYMER LITHIUM-ION BATTERY (PLI) .......................................................... 28
COMPARISON OF CHEMSTRIES USED .............................................................. 28
CHEMISTRY ........................................................................................................ 29
TABLE 8: KEY CHARACTERSTICS OF COMPETING LITHIUM BATTERY TECHNOLOGIES .................................................................................................... 30
FIGURE 8: SPECIFIC ENERGY DENSITIES OF DIFFERENT CHEMISTRIES IN LITHIUM-ION CELLS ....................................................................................... 31
LITHIUM COBALT OXIDE ............................................................................. 31
LITHIUM MANGANESE OXIDE .................................................................... 32
LITHIUM IRON PHOSPHATE ....................................................................... 32
LITHIUM NICKEL MANGANESE COBALT OXIDE .................................... 32
LITHIUM NICKEL COBALT ALUMINUM OXIDE....................................... 33
LITHIUM TITANATE ...................................................................................... 33
FROM CELLS TO MODULES TO BATTERY PACKS ........................................... 34
FIGURE 9: SCHEMATIC OF A CELL, MODULE, PACK ...................................... 34
BATTERY CONFIGURATION: CELLS IN SERIES AND PARALLEL ................ 34
FIGURE 10: BATTERY CONFIGURATION CELLS IN SERIES AND PARALLEL ............................................................................................................... 35
ELECTRONICS PROTECTION PACKAGES FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERY PACKS ...................................................................................................................... 36
CHARGE INTERRUPT DEVICES ...................................................................... 36
POSITIVE TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT SWITCHES ............................... 36
BATTERY PACK PROTECTION ELECTRONICS ............................................ 37
REQUIREMENTS FOR PROTECTION ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS .............. 37
BATTERY PACK ENCLOSURES ....................................................................... 38
TABLE 9: PRICE ASSUMPTION FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY /MODULES/CELLS, 2016 AND 2021 ...................................................................... 39
TECHNOLOGY OF RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERY PACKS FOR AUTOMOTIVES ...................................................................................................... 39
TABLE 10: BROAD CATEGORIES OF REPRESENTATIVE AUTOMOTIVE LITHIUM- ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERY PRODUCTS................................. 40
CONSTRUCTION FEATURES ........................................................................... 41
KEY PARAMETERS TO QUALIFY BATTERIES FOR AUTOMOTIVE USAGE ..................................................................................................................... 42
TABLE 11: SIX PARAMETERS CONSIDERED TO QUALIFY BATTERIES FOR AUTOMOTIVE EVS................................................................................................. 43
LITHIUM BATTERY ARCHITECTURE FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS 46
AUTOMOTIVE BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS................................... 47
FIGURE 11: VIEW OF A 60 KWH LITHIUM BATTERY FOR AUTOMOTIVE EVS ........................................................................................................................... 48
EVS (CNTD.)…………………………………………………………………………………49
AUTOMOTIVE BATTERY ENCLOSURES ....................................................... 50
PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES (PHEV) USING LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES ......................................................................................................... 50
PURE ELECTRIC VEHICLES (EVS) ................................................................. 51
PURE ELECTRIC BUSES .................................................................................. 52
PURE ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLES AND OTHER TWO-WHEELERS (E-SCOOTERS, PEDELECS) ................................................................................... 52
Pedelecs ............................................................................................................. 53
TECHNOLOGY OF RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERY PACKS FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS ................................................................................. 54
MARKET DISTRIBUTION OF LITHIUM ION BATTERIES FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS SEGMENT .................................................................................... 56
TABLE 12: BROAD SPECIFICATION OF CONSUMER ELECTRONICS LITHIUM ION RECHARGEABALE BATTERY PRODUCTS ............................... 57
CONSTRUCTION FEATURES ........................................................................... 57
SAFETY .................................................................................................................... 58
CHOICE OF CHEMISTRY OF LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES FOR MOBILE ELECTRONICS ....................................................................................................... 58
FIGURE 12: CONSUMER ELECTRONICS GRADE LITHIUM-ION BATTERY MODULE .................................................................................................................. 60
CONSUMER ELECTRONICS STANDARDS .................................................... 61
UL STANDARDS ................................................................................................. 62
Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries - Types, Materials, Applications, New Developments, Industry
Structure and Global Markets
Copyright2018@Innovative Research and Products, Inc., Stamford, CT USA, Web: www.innoresearch.net 8
IEC STANDARDS ................................................................................................ 62
IEEE STANDARDS ............................................................................................. 63
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5. FUTURE TRENDS IN LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES64-70
$280.00
$266.00
ONGOING RESEARCH IN LITHIUM-ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES ..... 66
TABLE 13: SUMMARY OF ONGOING RESEARCH ON LITHIUM-ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES IN THE U.S., 2011 TO TODAY .......................... 66
TABLE 14: SUMMARY OF NEW RESEARCH DONE ON LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES OUTSIDE THE U.S., 2010-2016 ........................................................ 70
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6. NEW FUNDINGS AND ACQUISITIONS71-76
$300.00
$285.00
TABLE 15: U.S. GOVERNMENT FUNDING TO DEVELOP RECHARGEABLE LI-ION ...................................................................................................................... 73
BATTERY MATERIALS, 2010-2016 ....................................................................... 73
TABLE 16: INTERNATIONAL FUNDING AND AGREEMENTS TO DEVELOP RECHARGEABLE LI-ION BATTERY MATERIALS, 2010-2016 .......................... 74
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7. RECENT PATENTS77-79
$120.00
$114.00
POSITIVE ELECTRODE FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY, PREPARING SAME, AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY .................. 78
LITHIUM-ION CELL, LITHIUM-ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERY AND MOTOR VEHICLE WITH A LITHIUM-ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERY ........ 78
ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES ......................... 78
LITHIUM ION BATTERY CONTROL SYSTEM AND ASSEMBLED BATTERY CONTROL SYSTEM ................................................................................................ 78
BATTERY SYSTEM, VEHICLE, AND BATTERY-MOUNTING DEVICE ........... 79
LITHIUM TITANATE OXIDE AS NEGATIVE ELECTRODE IN LI-ION CELLS ...................................................................................................................... 79
LITHIUM MANGANESE-BASED OXIDE AND CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL INCLUDING THE SAME ................................................................... 79
CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME .................................................. 79
LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES WITH NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODES ........ 79
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8. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND MARKET FOR STATIONARY POWER AND INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS80-109
$1,500.00
$1,425.00
CONSTRUCTION FEATURES ............................................................................... 80
BATTERY PACK .................................................................................................. 81
MARKET DISTRIBUTION OF LITHIUM-ION-BATTERIES FOR THE STATIONARY POWER MARKET SEGMENT ....................................................... 81
TABLE 17: RANGE OF PRODUCTS IN THE STATIONARY LITHIUM-ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERY MARKET ................................................................ 82
TABLE 18: PRODUCT REFERENCE MATRIX OF STATIONARY LITHIUM-ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERY ................................................................................. 83
LITHIUM BATTERY ARCHITECTURE FOR STATIONARY APPLICATIONS .. 83
TABLE 19: ARCHITECTURE OF STATIONARY LITHIUM-ION-BASED BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS ........................................................... 84
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE OF STATIONARY LITHIUM BATTERIES ................ 85
CURRENT AND PROJECTED REQUIREMENTS FOR BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS .............................................................................................. 86
FIGURE 13: TOTAL OPERATIONAL BATTERY PROJECTS BY COUNTRY ..... 87
UNITED STATES ................................................................................................ 87
JAPAN .................................................................................................................. 88
CHINA................................................................................................................... 88
EUROPE ............................................................................................................... 89
KOREA .................................................................................................................. 90
INDIA .................................................................................................................... 90
SUB-APPLICATIONS IN GRID-SCALE STORAGE USING LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES ............................................................................. 90
TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION DEFERRAL ..................................... 91
RENEWABLES INTEGRATION ......................................................................... 91
LI-ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERY SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY STORAGE SOLUTIONS ..................................................................................... 92
ADDITIONAL SOLUTIONS (CNTD.) ................................................................ 93
ADDITIONAL SOLUTIONS (CNTD.) ................................................................ 92
FIGURE 14: CONTAINERIZED GRID-SCALE LITHIUM-ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM ............................. 95
MICROGRIDS AND SMART GRIDS ................................................................. 95
ON AND OFF-GRID REMOTE POWER ............................................................. 96
TELECOMMUNICATIONS APPLICATIONS (TELECOM TOWER POWERING) ......................................................................................................... 97
FIGURE 15: CONSTRUCTION OF CUSTOM LITHIUM-ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERY ................................................................................. 98
MID-SIZED BATTERY BACKUPS BASED ON LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES ............................................................................................................. 98
TABLE 20: EXAMPLES OF CUSTOM USES FOR STATIONARY LITHIUM-ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES FOR STATIONARY APPLICATIONS .............. 99
INDUSTRIAL USES (POWER TOOLS) .................................................................. 99
FIGURE 16: POWER TOOLS, UPS AND INDUSTRIAL USAGE EXAMPLES FOR CUSTOM LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES ........................................................ 101
PROJECTS USING GRID-SCALE STORAGE BASED ON LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES ........................................................................................................... 103
TABLE 21: ONGOING PROJECTS USING LITHIUM-ION BASED GRID-SCALE BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS IN 2016 ........................................... 103
FUTURE ENERGY SYSTEMS USING GRID-SCALE STORAGE WITH LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES ............................................................................. 105
MARKET FOR STATIONARY AND INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS ................ 106
TABLE 22: MARKET FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES FOR STATIONARY/INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS................................................... 107
TABLE 23: MARKET SIZE OF RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY /MODULES/CELLS FOR STATIONARY BY REGION, 2016 AND 2021 ............ 107
FIGURE 17: MARKET SIZE OF RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY /MODULES/CELLS FOR STATIONARY BY REGION, 2016 AND 2021 ............ 108
 Add 
9. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS110-120
$550.00
$522.50
TABLE 24: PRODUCT REFERENCE MATRIX OF AUTOMOTIVE-GRADE LITHIUM-ION RECHARGEABALE BATTERY .................................................. 111
COUNTRY REQUIREMENTS FOR LITHIUM BATTERIES IN AUTOMOTIVES .................................................................................................... 113
UNITED STATES .............................................................................................. 113
UNITED STATES (CNTD.) ............................................................................... 113
JAPAN ................................................................................................................ 115
CHINA................................................................................................................. 115
EUROPE ............................................................................................................. 116
KOREA ................................................................................................................ 117
AUTOMOTIVE MARKET ...................................................................................... 117
TABLE 25: GLOBAL MARKET FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS, 2016 AND 2021 ...................................... 118
TABLE 26: MARKET SIZE FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES /MODULES/CELLS FOR AUTOMOTIVES BY REGION, 2016 AND 2021 ......... 119
FIGURE 18: MARKET SIZE OF RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES /MODULES/CELLS FOR AUTOMOTIVES BY REGION, 2016 AND 2021 ......... 120
 Add 
10. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND MARKET FOR CONSUME ELECTRONICS121-129
$450.00
$427.50
TABLE 26: PRODUCT REFERENCE MATRIX OF STATIONARY LITHIUM-ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES ........................................................................... 122
LITHIUM BATTERY ARCHITECTURE FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS .................................................................................................... 122
MOBILE PHONES ............................................................................................. 123
NOTEBOOKS ..................................................................................................... 124
DIGITAL CAMERAS AND CAMCORDERS .................................................... 124
OTHER PRODUCTS (MOBILE DVD PLAYERS, MP3S, CORDLESS PHONES) ............................................................................................................ 125
FUTURE TRENDS IN LITHIUM ION BATTERIES FOR CONSUMER/MOBILE ELECTRONICS ..................................................................................................... 125
PROGRESS ON LCO (LICOO2) CATHODES .................................................. 125
PROGRESS ON NCM CATHODES .................................................................. 125
PROGRESS ON LMO (SPINEL CATHODES) ................................................. 126
CONSUMER ELECTRONICS MARKET .............................................................. 126
TABLE 27: MARKET FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS, 2016 AND 2021 .................... 127
TABLE 26: PRODUCT REFERENCE MATRIX OF STATIONARY LITHIUM-ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES ........................................................................... 122
LITHIUM BATTERY ARCHITECTURE FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS .................................................................................................... 122
MOBILE PHONES ............................................................................................. 123
NOTEBOOKS ..................................................................................................... 124
DIGITAL CAMERAS AND CAMCORDERS .................................................... 124
OTHER PRODUCTS (MOBILE DVD PLAYERS, MP3S, CORDLESS PHONES) ............................................................................................................ 125
FUTURE TRENDS IN LITHIUM ION BATTERIES FOR CONSUMER/MOBILE ELECTRONICS ..................................................................................................... 125
PROGRESS ON LCO (LICOO2) CATHODES .................................................. 125
PROGRESS ON NCM CATHODES .................................................................. 125
PROGRESS ON LMO (SPINEL CATHODES) ................................................. 126
CONSUMER ELECTRONICS MARKET .............................................................. 126
TABLE 27: MARKET FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS, 2016 AND 20121 .................... 127

TABLE 26: PRODUCT REFERENCE MATRIX OF STATIONARY LITHIUM-ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES ........................................................................... 122
LITHIUM BATTERY ARCHITECTURE FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS .................................................................................................... 122
MOBILE PHONES ............................................................................................. 123
NOTEBOOKS ..................................................................................................... 124
DIGITAL CAMERAS AND CAMCORDERS .................................................... 124
OTHER PRODUCTS (MOBILE DVD PLAYERS, MP3S, CORDLESS PHONES) ............................................................................................................ 125
FUTURE TRENDS IN LITHIUM ION BATTERIES FOR CONSUMER/MOBILE ELECTRONICS ..................................................................................................... 125
PROGRESS ON LCO (LICOO2) CATHODES .................................................. 125
PROGRESS ON NCM CATHODES .................................................................. 125
PROGRESS ON LMO (SPINEL CATHODES) ................................................. 126
CONSUMER ELECTRONICS MARKET .............................................................. 126
TABLE 27: MARKET FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS, 2016 AND 2021 .................... 127

 Add 
11. COMPANY PROFILES130-174
$1,350.00
$1,282.50
PART I - ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT MANUFCTURERS ...................................... 130
A123 SYSTEMS, LLC ........................................................................................ 130
ALTAIRNANO .................................................................................................... 131
AMPEREX TECHNOLOGY LIMITED ............................................................. 131
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
TOSHIBA CORPORATION ............................................................................... 151
TESLA MOTORS ............................................................................................... 153
VALENCE TECHNOLOGY, INC. ..................................................................... 154
PART II – OTHER TIER 1 BATTERY DEVELOPERS/INTEGRATORS/CELL ASSEMBLERS ....................................................................................................... 155
ACME CLEANTECH SOLUTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED ............................... 155
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
MEIRCELL LTD. ............................................................................................... 157

PART III: EXPERTS PROVIDING PROPRIETORY ENERGY MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE (EMS) SERVICES TO POWER UTILITIES USING LARGE-FORMAT LITHIUM BATTERIES FOR STATIONARY APPLICATIONS .......... 158
AES ENERGY STORAGE, LLC ........................................................................ 158
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
YOUNICOS GMBH ............................................................................................ 160

PART IV: TIER 1 SUPPLIERS OF PROPRIETARY AUTOMOTIVE BATTERIES USING LARGE-FORMAT LITHIUM CELLS/BATTERIES .......... 161
AUTOMOTIVE ENERGY SUPPLY CORPORATION (AESC) ........................ 161
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
TESLA MOTORS ............................................................................................... 166

PART V: BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS EXPERTS TARGETING LARGE FORMAT LITHIUM BATTERIES FOR AUTOMOTIVES AND GRID-SCALE BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS (ESS) ............................................... 167

AVL LIST GMBH ............................................................................................... 167
EWERT ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC. .................................................................. 167

PART VI: BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM SOLUTION PROVIDERS/ EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS ......................................................................... 168
CIE SOLUTIONS LLC ....................................................................................... 168
MICRO POWER ELECTRONICS ..................................................................... 168

PART VII: KEY USERS OF LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES IN STATIONARY/INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS................................................... 169
AES CORPORATION ......................................................................................... 169
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
VESTAS WIND SYSTEMS A/S ........................................................................ 170

PART VIII – KEY USERS OF LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES IN AUTOMOTIVES .................................................................................................... 171
BOSCH ENGINEERING GMBH ...................................................................... 171
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
WANXIANG ........................................................................................................ 173
PART IX: KEY USERS OF LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS ..................................................................................................... 173
APPLE INC. ........................................................................................................ 173
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
SAMSUNG .......................................................................................................... 174


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